Why did Jefferson have to 'Stretch the Constitutional Breaking Point' for the Louisiana Purchase?

Why did Jefferson have to 'Stretch the Constitutional Breaking Point' for the Louisiana Purchase?

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Because the U.S. Constitution did not explicitly grant the president the power to purchase territory, when the 'Now or Never' moment came to purchase the Louisiana territory, he had 'stretched presidential prerogative up to, if not past, the constitutional breaking-point'.

Why didn't Jefferson (being a srict constitutionalist) petition Congress to pass an amendment granting him, or Congress itself the right to purchase the territory instead of having to resort to 'stretching' the constitution?

Henry Adams' History of the United States of America During the First Administration of Thomas Jefferson explains the developments e.g. in the following excerpt (pp. 80). In short, it seems that Jefferson was "just" being pragmatic in a matter that he deemed important for the nation and for his party.

… the President, according to his letters, had little hope of quick success in the purchase of territory [because it would need express sanction from the States in the shape of an amendment to the Constitution.] His plan was to "palliate and endure", unless France should force a war upon him; the constitutional question could wait, and it was accordingly laid aside…

Already Jefferson had ordered his ministers at Paris to buy [the Floridas and New Orleans], although he thought the Constitution gave him no power to do so… Jefferson foresaw and accepted the consequences if the necessity; he repeatedly referred to them and deprecated them in his letters; but the territory was a vital object, and success there would, as he pointed out, secure forever the triumph of his party even in New England.

[He wrote in a letter] "I believe we may consider the mass of the States south and west of Connecticut and Massachusetts as now a consolidated body of Republicanism… If we can settle happily the difficulties of the Mississippi, I think we may promise ourselves smooth seas during out time."

[The "Chronicle" of June 30, 1803] contained a single headline… "Louisiana ceded to the United States!"… The President's first thought was of the Constitution. Without delay he drew up an amendment, which he sent at once to his Cabinet.

Stephen Ambrose (in Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West) recommends Henry Adams as the primary source:

Napoleon's decision to sell not just New Orleans but all of Louisiana , and the negotiations that followed, and that Jefferson waived his strict constructionist views in order to make the purchase, is a dramatic and well-known story. It is best described by Henry Adams in [ibid.]

Historical Mysteries in Geography and Architecture

Treasure Legends like Oak Island and Rennes le Chateau may have been left to tell a story. In some cases a map was left to aid in the mystery.

"I have held up a light in the obscurity of Philosophy, which will be seen centuries after I am dead. It will be seen amidst the erection of Tombs, Theatres, Foundations, Temples, Orders and Fraternities for nobility and obedience — the establishment of good laws as an example to the World. For I am not raising a Capitol or Pyramid to the Pride of men, but laying a foundation in the human understanding for a holy Temple after he model of the World. For my memory I leave it to Men's charitable speeches, to foreign Nations and the next Ages, and to my own Country after some Time has elapsed." -- Francis Bacon , Advancement of Learning (1605), Bk II.

Join me to explore the hidden tenets of arranged alignments of architecture and art. Structures as diverse as the Great Pyramid, Baalbek, The Tower of the Winds, Hagia Sopia, Basilica San Vitale, The Dome of the Rock, St. Peter's Square, Gisors, The Newport Tower, Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest, and the Georgia Guidestones all may have a common origin.

Three reproductions of the Tower of the Winds in England help to display how this age old value is viewed through time. Along the way many legends and myths associated with the Holy Grail and other relics are examined.

King Slayer's Court

In this charge the regiment lost forty-four percent of the men in line, its colors being struck fifty-five times and the flag-staff being nearly shot off in two places, there being seventeen men killed and wounded with the colors. Sergeant Gardner was the only sergeant left alive in his company. He was one of a few who reached and entered the ditch on the outside of the rebel works. After this the military experiences of Sergeant Gardner were somewhat quiet until the surrender of the rebel army July 4, 1863, "Though something was always doing." On the day following the fall of Vicksburg Captain Gardner's regiment was sent to meet the rebel army that under General Johnson had been threatening to attack from Jackson, Mississippi. He was in a skirmishing that lasted from July 10th to the 17th, when Johnson retreated to the South and the strain was over. During the engagement on the 17th Sergeant Gardner personally captured four rebels, soldiers of the command known as the New Orleans "Tigers." For some weeks the regiment was in camp at Fox's Plantation, but September 27th was ordered to Vicksburg, and from there to Memphis, to reinforce General Grant at Chattanooga. While on the way the command was attacked by General Chalmers, with not less than 3,500 troops, while the entire Union force did not exceed 600 men, without artillery, of which the enemy had five pieces. The rebels were held off four hours by fierce fighting when reinforcements arrived from Germantown, and the day was saved, though at an expense of one hundred and twenty killed and wounded. the regiment reached Corinth October 12th, and continued its line of march across the Tennessee river, and over the mountains to Chattanooga, reaching there November 20th. After three days of rest in camp the regiment moved with three days cooked rations and a hundred rounds of ammunition, the brigade crossing the Tennessee river in one hundred and sixteen pontoon boats. After crossing the river it captured the entire rebel picket line, one man only getting away, who cried out "Yanks! Yanks! My God the river is full of Yanks." The regiment took a gallant part in the battle of Mission Ridge, and in the pursuit of General Bragg and his beaten army to Greysville, Georgia. The next duty of this emphatically fighting regiment was to march to the relief of General Burnside at Knoxville, Tennessee. After the retreat of General Longstreet, the regiment went into winter quarters at Huntsville, Alabama, where it remained until the last of April, 1864, when it received orders to march to Nashville.

Sergeant Gardner was made first Lieutenant, May 26, 1864, and was assigned to the One Hundredth Colored Infantry as senior First Lieutenant, at once reporting for duty at Camp Foster, where he was assigned to the command of Company A. Until the 10th of August he was actively and laboriously engaged in fitting his men for the field. They were then pronounced fit for active service, and were detailed to guard the railroad from Nashville to Johnstonville. Company A had in its special care a long trestle work and bridge, and here a strong block house was built, in which the company was stationed until the near approach of General Forest called in all near by forces to protect Nashville from a threatened attack at his hands. Captain Gardner and his colored troops took part in the battle of Nashville, fought December 15th and 16th, 1864, having charge of the skirmish line in front of his brigade. His regiment lost one hundred and thirty-three men, and the brigade four hundred and sixty-eight, - fifty per cent, more than was sustained by any other brigade on this bloody field. He assisted in the pursuit of the retreating rebels, and ended with a battle at Decatur, Alabama, with the rebel General Roddy. After this engagement Mr. Gardner and his command returned to Nashville, where he resumed his former occupation of guarding the railroad at the old station. He was promoted captain of the One Hundredth United States Colored Infantry, July 18, 1865, and was mustered out of service with his regiment December 26, 1865, rounding out a service of four years, two months and twenty-four days, without a wound or a day in the hospital. This is a record of which he may justly be proud, covering as it does a period of long and bloody warfare, in which he was an active participant most of the time, always being found among the "bravest of the brave." The pen of the historian lingers lovingly over such a story, and is reluctant to dismiss it.

After his return from the army Captain Gardner engaged in the milling business at Auburn, Fayette county, Iowa, where he remained until 1873 when he removed to Elgin, to engage in the grain business. In August, 1877, he set up in the same line at West Union, to which he added stock buying. In August, 1880, he left West Union and located at Rock Rapids, Lyon county, where he built the first grain warehouse on the line of the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha railroad, and soon became a prominent dealer in all kinds of grain, fuel and farm machinery. He built elevators at Doon, Ash Creek, Lester and Larchwood. For years he has been an active member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and is a past commander of Dunlap Post, No.147, Department of Iowa. He has been quartermaster general of this department, and was aide de camp on the staff of Governor Larrabee with the rank of lieutenant colonel.

Captain Gardner was married April 8, 1866, to Miss Emma Celestia Simar, "the girl he left behind when he went forward to fight the battles of his country." She was a daughter of Ephraim and Lurinda (Sweet) Simar. Her grandfather was born in Saxony, Germany, where he was educated as a priest, but not liking the profession, and disbelieving the creed, he refused to be ordained. This stand upon his part compelled him to leave his native land. He fled to the United States, where he lived and died in peace. He excelled as a musician.

The thirteenth regiment of the regular army has a long and brilliant history. At one time General Sherman was its commanding colonel, and General Sheridan was a captain of one of its companies. Captain Gardner and his wife are members of the Christian church at Rock Rapids, Iowa, and have been for years.

The following account is extracts from a letter written May 25, 1863 to Dr. Levi Fuller of West Union, IA. by my GGrandfather W.W. Gardner.

I believe the letter refers to the charge made in the battle of Vicksburg against the north face of Stockade Redan on the Grave Yard road. This portion of the letter was published in the West Union, IA. Gazette.

About three o'clock P.M. our advance, to which I have the honor of being attached, suddenly came upon the enemy posted in their rifle pits and fortifications. We were immediately employed as skirmishers (as they say it) "went in on our nerve" to feel the gentlemen slightly, but finding them and their position too strong to attack, we were ordered to fall back and form our lines of battle to make an attack the next day. The next day (19th) at precisely 2 o'clock, our men moved forward to where our pickets were posted on the top of a high hill commanding their works. Here we remained but a few minutes when the order was given to charge. In an instant our brave boys moved over the hill at the double quick through a most deadly cross fire of grape, canister shot, and shell but we heeded it not. Onward to the charge was the motto, and most gallantly did we charge. Our comrades were now falling around us at every step, Some killed instantly, others having an arm or a leg shot off, and wounds of all descriptions. As we were crossing a deep ravine we received a most terrible cross fire, the balls coming like a dense hail storm. It was here that Captain Washington fell mortally wounded while cheering on his men. Here too, fell our brave color sergeant Sergeant James E. Brown of Howard County, he fell dead pierced by a ball through the head, no sooner had he fallen than the colors were hoisted by another who met with the same fate, until five different men were either killed or wounded with the colors. The fire at this moment being so terrible our men almost began to falter, but thank God they did not fall back an inch, but pressed forward to within 50 yards of the fort, here they had to take shelter behind fallen trees and stumps, to keep from being annihilated. We were now under fire from our own batteries, and infantry in our rear. But ten of our men got to the fort in safety, and I was one of that number Our ten men could do nothing in such a place as this. While lying in the ditch that surrounds the fort, I expected every minute would be our last. The fire from our own men behind us was so terrible, that we dare not move for fear of being shot by them. Here we lay with our bayonets fixed and our guns at a ready expecting that the rebels would discover our retreat and raise up over their breastworks to shoot us. But fortunately for us they did not see us. We remained here until sundown when we made good our exit from our almost living grave. Had we remained there until dark we would have been taken prisoners. We now returned to our regiment which was lying on the side of the hill and at dark made our way off the battle field as best we could. Just after dark the rebels set a house on fire to keep us from getting our killed and wounded off the battlefield the light from this house illuminated the field so much that we dare not try to get them away. Every Sergeant in our Company but myself was killed or wounded. 12 out of 33 were either killed or wounded, being more than one third. Men never stood a hotter fire since the year one. The 9th Iowa, I have been told, lost 110 men, none of the West Union boys were hurt. We lay all night near the battlefield and next morning, fell back to our original position. Their position is strong but it is bound to fall before one month rolls away. I am well and never got a scratch for which I am truly thankful to Almighty God. We lost nearly all our officers, we have not more than one officer for each Company left. Two Companies have none. I must close (Our flag had 55 bullet holes in it).

Colonial period

After a period of exploration sponsored by major European nations, the first successful English settlement was established in 1607. Europeans brought horses, cattle, and hogs to the Americas and, in turn, took back to Europe maize, turkeys, potatoes, tobacco, beans, and squash. Many explorers and early settlers died after being exposed to new diseases in the Americas. The effects of new Eurasian diseases carried by the colonists, especially smallpox and measles, were much worse for the Native Americans, as they had no immunity to them. They suffered epidemics and died in very large numbers, usually before large-scale European settlement began. Their societies were disrupted and hollowed out by the scale of deaths. [25] [26]

Spanish, Dutch, and French colonization

Spanish explorers were the first Europeans with Christopher Columbus' second expedition, to reach Puerto Rico on November 19, 1493 others reached Florida in 1513. [27] Spanish expeditions quickly reached the Appalachian Mountains, the Mississippi River, the Grand Canyon [28] and the Great Plains. In 1540, Hernando de Soto undertook an extensive exploration of the Southeast. [29]

In 1540, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado explored from Arizona to central Kansas. [29] Small Spanish settlements eventually grew to become important cities, such as San Antonio, Texas Albuquerque, New Mexico Tucson, Arizona Los Angeles, California and San Francisco, California. [30]

New Netherland was a 17th-century Dutch colony centered on present-day New York City and the Hudson River Valley the Dutch traded furs with the Native Americans to the north. The colony served as a barrier to expansion from New England. Despite being Calvinists and building the Reformed Church in America, the Dutch were tolerant of other religions and cultures. [31]

The colony, which was taken over by Britain in 1664, left an enduring legacy on American cultural and political life. This includes secular broad-mindedness and mercantile pragmatism in the city as well as rural traditionalism in the countryside (typified by the story of Rip Van Winkle). Notable Americans of Dutch descent include Martin Van Buren, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt and the Frelinghuysens. [31]

New France was the area colonized by France from 1534 to 1763. There were few permanent settlers outside Quebec and Acadia, but the French had far-reaching trading relationships with Native Americans throughout the Great Lakes and Midwest. French villages along the Mississippi and Illinois rivers were based in farming communities that served as a granary for Gulf Coast settlements. The French established plantations in Louisiana along with settling New Orleans, Mobile and Biloxi.

The Wabanaki Confederacy were military allies of New France through the four French and Indian Wars while the British colonies were allied with the Iroquois Confederacy. During the French and Indian War – the North American theater of the Seven Years' War – New England fought successfully against French Acadia. The British removed Acadians from Acadia (Nova Scotia) and replaced them with New England Planters. [32] Eventually, some Acadians resettled in Louisiana, where they developed a distinctive rural Cajun culture that still exists. They became American citizens in 1803 with the Louisiana Purchase. [33] Other French villages along the Mississippi and Illinois rivers were absorbed when the Americans started arriving after 1770, or settlers moved west to escape them. [34] French influence and language in New Orleans, Louisiana and the Gulf Coast was more enduring New Orleans was notable for its large population of free people of color before the Civil War.

British colonization

The strip of land along the eastern seacoast was settled primarily by English colonists in the 17th century along with much smaller numbers of Dutch and Swedes. Colonial America was defined by a severe labor shortage that employed forms of unfree labor such as slavery and indentured servitude and by a British policy of benign neglect (salutary neglect). Over half of all European immigrants to Colonial America arrived as indentured servants. [36] Salutary neglect permitted the development of an American spirit distinct from that of its European founders. [37]

The first successful English colony, Jamestown, was established in 1607 on the James River in Virginia. Jamestown languished for decades until a new wave of settlers arrived in the late 17th century and established commercial agriculture based on tobacco. Between the late 1610s and the Revolution, the British shipped an estimated 50,000 convicts to their American colonies. [38] A severe instance of conflict was the 1622 Powhatan uprising in Virginia in which Native Americans killed hundreds of English settlers. The largest conflicts between Native Americans and English settlers in the 17th century were King Philip's War in New England [39] and the Yamasee War in South Carolina. [40]

New England was initially settled primarily by Puritans. The Pilgrims established a settlement in 1620 at Plymouth Colony, which was followed by the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. The Middle Colonies, consisting of the present-day states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, were characterized by a large degree of diversity. The first attempted English settlement south of Virginia was the Province of Carolina, with Georgia Colony – the last of the Thirteen Colonies – established in 1733. [41]

The colonies were characterized by religious diversity, with many Congregationalists in New England, German and Dutch Reformed in the Middle Colonies, Catholics in Maryland, and Scots-Irish Presbyterians on the frontier. Sephardic Jews were among early settlers in cities of New England and the South. Many immigrants arrived as religious refugees: French Huguenots settled in New York, Virginia and the Carolinas. Many royal officials and merchants were Anglicans. [42]

Religiosity expanded greatly after the First Great Awakening, a religious revival in the 1740s led by preachers such as Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield. American Evangelicals affected by the Awakening added a new emphasis on divine outpourings of the Holy Spirit and conversions that implanted within new believers an intense love for God. Revivals encapsulated those hallmarks and carried the newly created evangelicalism into the early republic, setting the stage for the Second Great Awakening beginning in the late 1790s. [43] In the early stages, evangelicals in the South such as Methodists and Baptists preached for religious freedom and abolition of slavery they converted many slaves and recognized some as preachers.

Each of the 13 American colonies had a slightly different governmental structure. Typically, a colony was ruled by a governor appointed from London who controlled the executive administration and relied upon a locally elected legislature to vote taxes and make laws. By the 18th century, the American colonies were growing very rapidly as a result of low death rates along with ample supplies of land and food. The colonies were richer than most parts of Britain, and attracted a steady flow of immigrants, especially teenagers who arrived as indentured servants. [44]

The tobacco and rice plantations imported African slaves for labor from the British colonies in the West Indies, and by the 1770s African slaves comprised a fifth of the American population. The question of independence from Britain did not arise as long as the colonies needed British military support against the French and Spanish powers. Those threats were gone by 1765. London regarded the American colonies as existing for the benefit of the mother country. This policy is known as mercantilism. [44]

18th century

Political integration and autonomy

The French and Indian War (1754–63) was a watershed event in the political development of the colonies. It was also part of the larger Seven Years' War. The influence of the main rivals of the British Crown in the colonies and Canada, the French and North American Indians, was significantly reduced with the territory of the Thirteen Colonies expanding into New France both in Canada and the Louisiana Territory. Moreover, the war effort resulted in greater political integration of the colonies, as reflected in the Albany Congress and symbolized by Benjamin Franklin's call for the colonies to "Join or Die". Franklin was a man of many inventions – one of which was the concept of a United States of America, which emerged after 1765 and was realized in July 1776. [39]

Following Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America, King George III issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763 with the goal of organizing the new North American empire and protecting the native Indians from colonial expansion into western lands beyond the Appalachian Mountains. In ensuing years, strains developed in the relations between the colonists and the Crown. The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act of 1765, imposing a tax on the colonies without going through the colonial legislatures. The issue was drawn: did Parliament have this right to tax Americans who were not represented in it? Crying "No taxation without representation", the colonists refused to pay the taxes as tensions escalated in the late 1760s and early 1770s. [40]

The Boston Tea Party in 1773 was a direct action by activists in the town of Boston to protest against the new tax on tea. Parliament quickly responded the next year with the Coercive Acts, stripping Massachusetts of its historic right of self-government and putting it under army rule, which sparked outrage and resistance in all thirteen colonies. Patriot leaders from all 13 colonies convened the First Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance to the Coercive Acts. The Congress called for a boycott of British trade, published a list of rights and grievances, and petitioned the king for redress of those grievances. [41] The appeal to the Crown had no effect, and so the Second Continental Congress was convened in 1775 to organize the defense of the colonies against the British Army.

Ordinary folk became insurgents against the British even though they were unfamiliar with the ideological rationales being offered. They held very strongly a sense of "rights" that they felt the British were deliberately violating – rights that stressed local autonomy, fair dealing, and government by consent. They were highly sensitive to the issue of tyranny, which they saw manifested in the arrival in Boston of the British Army to punish the Bostonians. This heightened their sense of violated rights, leading to rage and demands for revenge. They had faith that God was on their side. [42]

The American Revolutionary War began at Concord and Lexington in April 1775 when the British tried to seize ammunition supplies and arrest the Patriot leaders.

In terms of political values, the Americans were largely united on a concept called Republicanism, that rejected aristocracy and emphasized civic duty and a fear of corruption. For the Founding Fathers, according to one team of historians, "republicanism represented more than a particular form of government. It was a way of life, a core ideology, an uncompromising commitment to liberty, and a total rejection of aristocracy." [43]

The Character of a Methodist

Love Knows No Fear

Wesley’s Historic Teaching on Holiness

John Wesley wrote extensively to teach the Methodists of his day the tenets of the faith. We teach seminarians the historic doctrines, but many think these are “dead ideas of a long ago world.” Wesley gave us 52 Standard Sermons and the Notes on the New Testament, both of which are part of our doctrinal standards. Today many believe as long as they can justify an idea by scripture, reason, tradition, and experience, they can believe anything they want regardless of our standards. Of course, Wesley himself believed scripture, reason, and tradition led to the experience of being a child of God, but that’s another story for another day.

  1. The first tract I ever wrote expressly on this subject was published in the latter end of this year. That none might be prejudiced before they read it, I gave it the indifferent title of “The Character of a Methodist.” In this I described a perfect Christian, placing in the front, “Not as though I had already attained.” Part of it I subjoin without any alteration: —

Loves the Lord with All the Heart
“A Methodist is one who loves the Lord his God with all his heart, with all his soul, with all his mind, and with all his strength. God is the joy of his heart, and the desire of his soul, which is continually crying, ‘Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth whom I desire besides thee.’ My God and my all! ‘Thou art the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever.’ He is therefore happy in God yea, always happy, as having in him a well of water springing up unto everlasting life, and over-flowing his soul with peace and joy. Perfect love living now cast out fear, he rejoices evermore. Yea, his joy is full, and all his bones cry out, ‘Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who, according to his abundant mercy, hath begotten me again unto a living hope of an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled, reserved in heaven for me.’

Good is the Will of the Lord
“And he, who hath this hope, thus full of immortality, in everything giveth thanks, as knowing this (whatsoever it is) is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning him. From him therefore he cheerfully receives all, saying, ‘Good is the will of the Lord’ and whether he giveth or taketh away, equally blessing the name of the Lord. Whether in ease or pain, whether in sickness or health, whether in life or death, he giveth thanks from the ground of the heart to Him who orders it for good into whose hands he hath wholly committed his body and soul, ‘as into the hands of a faithful Creator.’ He is therefore anxiously ‘careful for nothing,’ as having ‘cast all his care on Him that careth for him’ and ‘in all things’ resting on him, after ‘making’ his ‘request known to him with thanksgiving.’

Prays Without Ceasing
“For indeed he ‘prays without ceasing’ at all times the language of his heart is this, ‘Unto thee is my mouth, though without a voice and my silence speaketh unto thee.’ His heart is lifted up to God at all times, and in all places. In this he is never hindered, much less interrupted, by any person or thing. In retirement or company, in leisure, business, or conversation, his heart is ever with the Lord. Whether he lie down, or rise up, ‘God is in all his thoughts:’ He walks with God continually having the loving eye of his soul fixed on him, and everywhere ‘seeing Him that is invisible.’

Loves the Neighbor as the Self
“And loving God, he ‘loves his neighbour as himself’ he loves every man as his own soul. He loves his enemies, yea, and the enemies of God. And if it be not in his power to ‘do good to them that hate’ him, yet he ceases not to ‘pray for them,’ though they spurn his love, and still ‘despite. fully use him, and persecute him.’

Pure in Heart
“For he is ‘pure in heart.’ Love has purified his heart from envy, malice, wrath, and every unkind temper. It has cleansed him from pride, whereof ‘only cometh contention’ and he hath now ‘put on bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, long-suffering.’ And indeed all possible ground for contention, on his part, is cut off. For none can take from him what he desires, seeing he ‘loves not the world, nor any of the things of the world’ but ‘all his desire is unto God, and to the remembrance of his name.’

Does the Will of God
“Agreeable to this his one desire, is this one design of his life namely, ‘to do, not his own will, but the will of Him that sent him.’ His one intention at all times and in all places is, not to please himself, but Him whom his soul loveth. He hath a single eye and because his ‘eye is single, his whole body is full of light. The whole is light, as when the bright shining of a candle doth enlighten the house.’ God reigns alone all that is in the soul is ‘holiness to the Lord.’ There is not a motion in his heart but is according to his will. Every thought that arises points to him, and is in ‘obedience to the law of Christ.’

Tree Known by Fruits
“And the tree is known by its fruits. For, as he loves God, so he ‘keeps his commandments’ not only some, or most of them, but all, from the least to the greatest. He is not content to ‘keep the whole law and offend in one point,’ but has in all points ‘a conscience void of offence towards God, and towards man.’ Whatever God has forbidden, he avoids whatever God has enjoined, he does. ‘He runs the way of God’s commandments,’ now He bath set his heart at liberty. It is his glory and joy so to do it is his daily crown of rejoicing, to ‘do the will of God on earth, as it is done in heaven.’

Keeping the Commandments
“All the commandments of God he accordingly keeps, and that with all his might for his obedience is in proportion to his love, the source from whence it flows. And therefore, loving God with all his heart, he serves him with all his strength he continually presents his soul and ‘body a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God’ entirely and without reserve devoting himself, all he has, all he is, to his glory. All the talents he has, he constantly employs according to his Master’s will every power and faculty of his soul, every member of his body.

Doing All to the Glory of God
“By consequence, ‘whatsoever he doeth, it is all to the glory of God.’ In all his employments of every kind, he not only aims at this, which is implied in having a single eye, but actually attains it his business and his refreshments, as well as his prayers, all serve to this great end. Whether he ‘sit in the house, or walk by the way,’ whether he lie down, or rise up, he is promoting, in all he speaks or does, the one business of his life. Whether he put on his apparel, or labour, or eat and drink, or divert himself from too wasting labour, it all tends to advance the glory of God, by peace and good-will among men. His one invariable rule is this: ‘Whatsoever ye do, in word or deed, do it all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God, even the Father, through him.’

Running the Race, Not as the World Runs
“Nor do the customs of the world at all hinder his ‘ running the race which is set before him.’ He cannot therefore ‘lay up treasures upon earth,’ no more than he can take fire into his bosom. He cannot speak evil of his neighbour, any more than he can lie either for God or man. He cannot utter an unkind word of any one for love keeps the door of his lips. He cannot ‘speak idle words no corrupt conversation’ ever ‘comes out of his mouth’ as is all that is not ‘good to the use of edifying,’ not fit to ‘minister grace to the hearers.’ But ‘whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are’ justly ‘of good report,’ he thinks, speaks, and acts, ‘adorning the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.'”

Christian Perfection is Wesley’s Theme
These are the very words wherein I largely declared, for the first time, my sentiments of Christian perfection. And is it not easy to see, (1.) That this is the very point at which I aimed all along from the year 1725 and more determinately from the year 1730, when I began to be +homo unius libri,+ “a man of one book,” regarding none, comparatively, but the Bible? Is it not easy to see, (2.) That this is the very same doctrine which I believe and teach at this day not adding one point, either to that inward or outward holiness which I maintained eight-and- thirty years ago? And it is the same which, by the grace of God, I have continued to teach from that time till now as will appear to every impartial person from the extracts subjoined below.

Wesley goes on for some length, in his 18th century fondness for expositions. He’s not a modern blogger, but wrote for people who had time and leisure to read extensively. What I find most important for us Methodists today is his teaching about sin in believers, which is one of the points he makes strongly in the following sections.

Christian Perfection Explained
1.) In what sense Christians are not, (2.) In what sense they are, perfect.

“(1.) In what sense they are not. They are not perfect in knowledge. They are not free from ignorance, no, nor from mistake. We are no more to expect any living man to be infallible, than to be omniscient. They are not free from infirmities, such as weakness or slowness of understanding, irregular quickness or heaviness of imagination. Such in another kind are impropriety of language, ungracefulness of pronunciation to which one- might add a thousand nameless defects, either in conversation or behaviour. From such infirmities as these none are perfectly freed till their spirits return to God neither can we expect till then to be wholly freed from temptation for ‘the servant is not above his master.’ But neither in this sense is there any absolute perfection on earth. There is no perfection of degrees, none which does not admit of a continual increase.

Christian Perfection means Sins Are Not Committed
“(2.) In what sense then are they perfect? Observe, we are not now speaking of babes in Christ, but adult Christians But even babes in Christ are so far perfect as not to commit sin. This St. John affirms expressly and it cannot be disproved by the examples of the Old Testament. For what, if the holiest of the ancient Jews did sometimes commit sin? We cannot infer from hence, that ‘all Christians do and must commit sin as long as they live.’

Christians have the Holy Spirit
“The privileges of Christians are in nowise to be measured by what the Old Testament records concerning those who were under the Jewish dispensation seeing the fulness of time is now come, the Holy Ghost is now given, the great salvation of God is now brought to men by the revelation of Jesus Christ. The kingdom of heaven is now set up on earth, concerning which the Spirit of God declared of old time, (so far is David from being the pattern or standard of Christian perfection,) ‘He that is feeble among them, at that day, shall be as David, and the house of David shall be as the angel of the Lord before them.’ (Zech. 12:8.)

Christ Cleanses Us from Unrighteousness
But St. John himself says, ‘If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves’ and, ‘If we say we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.’

“I answer,
1.) The tenth verse fixes the sense of the eighth: ‘If we say we have no sin,’ in the former, being explained by, ‘If we say we have not sinned,’ in the latter, verse.

2.) The point under consideration is not, whether we have or have not sinned heretofore and neither of these verses asserts that we do sin, or commit sin now.

3.) The ninth verse explains both the eighth and tenth: ‘If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.’ As if he had said, ‘I have before affirmed, The blood of Christ cleanseth from all sin.’ And no man can say, ‘I need it not I have 110 sin to be cleansed, from.’ ‘If we say, we have no sin, that ‘we have not sinned, we deceive ourselves,’ and make God a liar: But ‘if we confess our sins, he is faithful and just,’ not only ‘to forgive us our sins,’ but also ‘to cleanse us from all unrighteousness,’ that we may ‘go and sin no more.’ In conformity, therefore, both to the doctrine of St. John, and the whole tenor of the New Testament, we fix this conclusion: A Christian is so far perfect, as not to commit sin.

Good Trees don’t Produce Evil Fruits
“This is the glorious privilege of every Christian, yea, though he be but a babe in Christ. But it is only of grown Christians it can be affirmed, they are in such a sense perfect, as, Secondly, to be freed from evil thoughts and evil tempers. First, from evil or sinful thoughts. Indeed, whence should they spring? ‘Out of the heart of man,’ if at all, ‘proceed evil thoughts.’ If, therefore, the heart be no longer evil, then evil thoughts no longer proceed out of it: For ‘a good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit.’

Christ Lives in the Heart
“And as they are freed from evil thoughts, so likewise from evil tempers. Every one of these can say, with St. Paul, ‘I am crucified with Christ nevertheless I live yet not I, but Christ liveth in me’ – – words that manifestly describe a deliverance from inward as well as from outward sin. This is expressed both negatively, ‘I live not,’ my evil nature, the body of sin, is destroyed and positively, ‘Christ liveth in me,’ and therefore all that is holy, and just, and good. Indeed, both these, ‘Christ liveth in me,’ and, ‘I live not,’ are inseparably connected. For what communion hath light with darkness, or Christ with Belial?

Wesley was fond of quoting his brother Charles’ hymns in his writings:
“He walks in glorious liberty, To sin entirely dead:

The Truth, the Son hath made him free, And he is free indeed.”

Lessons for Methodists Today
Do we Methodists today understand this classic teaching on Christian Perfection overriding the ancient concept of justification over and over again? That idea implied we’re always in a state of corruption, so we constantly needed a sacrifice to make us right with God. Wesley taught justification by Christ, followed by the Spirit helping to refine us until we were entirely sanctified to be as Christ. This could happen in this life if we expected it and cooperated with the Spirit, but more likely the state came at the moment of death.

If we Methodists actually agreed on living out the “heart so full of love of God and neighbor that nothing else exists” motto, we’d not be listing the sins of others we find distasteful, but looking instead to shed God’s love abroad in the world.

Instead, we still attempt to keep the old laws, rather than the law of Christ’s faith, which proceeds from God’s love for the world. As Wesley writes,

Christ is the End of the Old Laws
“For Christ is the end of the Adamic, as well as the Mosaic, law. By his death, he hath put an end to both he hath abolished both the one and the other, with regard to man and the obligation to observe either the one or the other is vanished away. Nor is any man living bound to observe the Adamic more than the Mosaic law. [I mean, it is not the condition either of present or future salvation.]

“In the room of this, Christ hath established another, namely, the law of faith. Not every one that doeth, but every one that believeth, now receiveth righteousness, in the full sense of the word that is, he is justified, sanctified, and glorified.”

Love is the Fulfillment of the Law
Q. 4. Is love the fulfilling of this law?

“A. Unquestionably it is. The whole law under which we now are, is fulfilled by love. (Rom. 13:9, 10.) Faith working or animated by love is all that God now requires of man. He has substituted (not sincerity, but) love, in the room of angelic perfection.

“Q. 5. How is ‘love the end of the commandment?’ (1 Tim. 1:5.)

“A. It is the end of every commandment of God. It is the point aimed at by the whole and every part of the Christian institution. The foundation is faith, purifying the heart the end love, preserving a good conscience.

“A. The loving the Lord our God with all our heart, mind, soul, and strength and the loving our neighbour, every man, as ourselves, as our own souls.

DeLee: Resurrection Icon

Thoughts on the Future
The question for me is, how do we as Methodists retain our classical teachings and interpret them for our modern world? While some in fear want to move toward the exclusionary teachings of other faiths, Methodists have never lived in fear, for “perfect love drives out fear.” Yet some persist in excluding some for the sake of “the law,” as if the breaking of one law were more heinous than all the others.

Today in our congregations we have persons who’ve had serial divorces or cohabitate, plus those who gamble, drink excessively, mismanage personal funds, have babies out of wedlock, and are a public nuisance. You know who I’m talking about, but we love these folks and pray for them just the same. This isn’t right to include folks whose infirmities are in the straight world, but to exclude those who have the same problems just because they have a different sexual orientation. It’s not a choice for anyone who they love. It’s not a disease to be straight or gay. It is a problem if our hearts are closed and the love of God for all our neighbors isn’t filling our hearts to overflowing.

Wesley once said, “if your heart be as my heart, then give me your hand.” In a manner of speaking, we’re saying, if your experience is the same as my experience, let’s be partners. We think too much separates us, or there’s a rat between or among us, so no one extends their hand in fellowship. We distrust what we fear, for we don’t live in perfect love, but live instead according to the ways of the world.

The Quadrilateral Doesn’t Exist

But Scripture and tradition would not suffice without the good offices (positive and negative) of critical reason. Thus, he insisted on logical coherence and as an authorized referee in any contest between contrary positions or arguments. And yet, this was never enough. It was, as he knew for himself, the vital Christian experience of the assurance of one’s sins forgiven that clinched the matter. (24)

Scripture Alone is Not Enough

When challenged for his authority, on any question, his first appeal was to the Holy Bible… Even so, he was well aware that Scripture alone had rarely settled any controverted point of doctrine… Thus, though never as a substitute or corrective, he would also appeal to ‘the primitive church’ and to the Christian tradition at large as competent, complementary witnesses to ‘the meaning’ of this Scripture or that…

Doctrine of Assurance
This is Methodism’s gift to the world and the reason we can live in perfect love, which casts out all fear. We have the assurance of the forgiveness of sins and our adoption as sons and daughters of God, so that we are the joint heirs with Christ to all the innumerable riches of God’s inheritance. This isn’t just for a few, but for all who give themselves to Christ.

We humans aren’t allowed to say whom God forgives or who is worthy to be forgiven. That would put us smack onto the throne of god and make us a god. Then we would be worshipping our own selves, an act which would be the highest form of idolatry and worshipping the creature. God forbid we Methodists fall into this trap!

Notes on the 1992 Report to General Conference: Scripture, Science, and Sexuality | Beyond General Conference | Asbury United Methodist Church—


The Works of John Wesley, J and J Harper, 1827, free ebook.—

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Giant Omelette Celebration and My Thoughts

The Giant Omelette Celebration in Abbeville has passed. The website can be linked here. It is a memorable event every year. I enjoyed it — despite the fact that I was not in a position to be enjoying much of anything just now — I decided to let myself go and rejoice in the event.

I saw a lot of people that I knew and spoke to some of them. Tomorrow The Hillary-Kane ticket and the Trump-Pence ticket will go at one another and other will be on the final ballots as well. The country will face many other electoral decisions. But yesterday and the day before was a celebration of other structures in America which are not directly tied to this election. The town,culture and celebration are not perfect. But they are worth experiencing and are worthy.

I participated as much as I could, more time than I could afford and although I spent very little I may not have been able to afford that either. But this was a glimpse of life that transcends and underlies all the political tensions in America.

So I hope to be in a position to comment on the outcome of the election. I hope to be able to have some success to be able in turn to solve my myriad problems. But I am also a person who enjoyed the Omelette Celebration, watched the Saints win in San Francisco and spent some time at church and with family. That’s life too…

Why did Jefferson have to 'Stretch the Constitutional Breaking Point' for the Louisiana Purchase? - History

This ship log goes back in time, with newest entries at the top. We cover the Save the Delta Queen Campaign, general steamboat news, steamboat ancestry, paddlewheel boats wanted or for sale, and model boats and anything to do with river or boat history.

To search this section or the whole site, go to Steamboat Blog Archive.
Steamboats.com has been online since 1998 and our blog archive goes back to 1998. Click here to see the oldest posts.

Our prayers go out to the people of Moore, Oklahoma, and their path to recovery from the tornado damage of May 20, 2013.

Delta Queen in the News
May 17, 2013

Two things are going on simultaneously. First, the exemption from the Safety at SEA laws, and second, who owns the boat. First let us talk about the exemption. In 1966, the Delta Queen was snagged up in a law that was meant for ocean going vessels, which need to be absolutely safe miles out at sea. My father and Betty Blake lobbied Congress that the Delta Queen is always within a few yards of the riverbank. Plus, they upgraded all the safety features to make it as safe as any boat on any river, anywhere.

The truth is, the Delta Queen needs to work to support herself. But she needs an exemption from the Safety at Sea laws and that has to come from elected officials in the federal government. The good news is that there is now a bill in the U.S. House of Representatives:

Our heartfelt thanks go out to Congressman Steve Chabot from Southwest Ohio for introducing the bill, and to the bill's sponsors William Clay from Missouri, Thomas Massie from Kentucky, and Brad Wenstrup also from Ohio.

This is an issue that can unite the country, so if you had already given up on the USA, think again. Everyone from North to South, East to West loves steamboats. This steamboat came from California to settle in the South and she became an ambassador to the South. From 1946 to 2008 the Delta Queen Steamboat welcomed visitors to the South from all over the world, and she is capable of doing so for many years to come. If your first impression of Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Missouri, Kentucky, and Tennessee is a ride on a paddlewheel steamboat, you will have a strong personal connection to the South for the rest of your life. My first cruise was in 1967. And I'm a Californian who loves the South! Always have, always will. We may not agree on other things, but those are just footnotes compared to this issue.

Supposing H.R. 1961 is successful, a similar bill passes the Senate, and President Obama signs it into law. Then what? Well, that brings us to part two of this situation: who owns the boat. We want it to go to qualified buyers who believe in her and share the goal of seeing her return to cruising. The Delta Queen has lived in jeopardy for five years, facing financial woes. But thankfully, it has been under the loving care of people who give way more of their time than they get paid for, and more of their life savings than they expect to see again. Thank god it did not go the way of the Mississippi Queen (may she rest in peace).

It is too bad that Majestic did not have a government loan. We can see how well the U.S. Coast Guard took care of the American Queen, because she became government issue after the company went into bankruptcy and could not repay the loan. USCG stored the American Queen in a mothball fleet in Texas, and kept the dehumidifiers running the whole time to make her transition back to the cruise business practically seamless.

One reason the Delta Queen has had a hard time as a hotel is that so many who love her are depressed about her situation, all because of the exemption. We knew her as a miracle of mechanical engineering and opulence. If she goes back to the rivers, her fans will follow. On the other hand, the Delta King has succeeded as a hotel. But that boat's history is much different. In 1946, when the Delta Queen went to Mississippi, the Delta King stayed behind in California. He did various jobs, but eventually looked like he was sinking and a tow boat dragged the half submerged boat up and down the river because no port would take him. When the Coyne family came along, they had a vision of rescuing the Delta King and making it the icon of Old Town Sacramento. The Delta King is a miracle because it was given up for dead, then brought back to life. Charlie Coyne told me that it was not actually sinking, but had become stuck under a dock in a rising tide, and took on water. They simply pumped the water out and it was all good.

Whoever ends up buying the Delta Queen, I encourage the bankruptcy court to give them a good deal, considering the lack of maintenance, and the tenuous situation with the exemption. In the end we can get the exemption, and the boat can run again. Enough people hold the vision, but it will still take much work and cooperation. The South will get their sweetheart back, and the people who love her will get borrowed time to make a viable plan for her inevitable retirement, many years from now.

I believe this can be done and must be done. In fact, didn't the country get along a lot better when the Delta Queen was thriving? It was like the ticking of an atomic clock somewhere, knowing that the boat was on her way up a lonely stretch of river with her paddlewheel beating steadily, and always. Call your U.S. Representative and explain that you support H.R. 1961, a bill that will allow the Delta Queen Steamboat to go back into the cruise industry.

Delta Queen Steamboat to Try Again for Exemption
May 13, 2013

The Delta Queen is in working order, and has the ability to return to the rivers. There are of course a few things that need updating, but the main thing it needs is permission from our federal legislators. This has been the only reason the boat has been laid up as a hotel. However, all along, many of us have believed that this situation is temporary. The best hope for preserving this historic vessel is to put her back to work carrying passengers. Following are the details of the news, provided by Delta Queen historian, employee, and supporter, Travis Vasconcelos.

How You Can Help Save the Delta Queen
On May 9, 2013, at 9:55 PM, Travis Vasconcelos wrote:

Big News from the Delta Queen.

Attention Delta Queen Fans! Efforts are underway to bring the Delta Queen back to overnight river cruise service. Now you have the opportunity to become part of her honorary crew! See details below:


DQSC, Inc is assembling a special crew to help to rescue, restore and preserve the legendary Steamboat Delta Queen and hopefully, return her to her once regal glory plying the great rivers of America's heartland. The Delta Queen currently serves as a dockside hotel in Chattanooga, TN, and a group of supporters have come together to form DQSC, Inc with the following goals:

1. To purchase the Delta Queen, halting current efforts to move the DQ to the east or west coast to permanently serve as a dockside hotel

2. To renew the Congressional Exemption allowing the DQ to return to overnight passenger cruise service

3. To restore and upgrade the DQ (including replacement of the 1919-era boilers), so that she can once again provide river enthusiasts the unique opportunity to visit America's heartland from an authentic early 20th century paddlewheel steamboat

4. To return to the DQ to overnight passenger cruise service in 2014.

The DQSC, Inc effort is being lead by former Delta Queen Steamboat Company Vice President Cornel Martin who spearheaded the last successful effort to secure the Congressional Exemption extending the DQ's overnight river cruise service from 1998 to 2008, current Delta Queen Hotel operators and care takers Randy and Leah Ann Ingram, and long time Delta Queen supporter Phillip Johnson.

The DQSC, Inc team is making good progress securing needed funding to acquire the vessel and fund marine repairs and upgrades and start-up operations.

The DQSC, Inc team is looking for help with restoration work (mostly on the hotel side) that needs to be completed to preserve the vessel even if she is not able to return to river service or her return is delayed beyond 2014.

If you would like to see the legendary Steamboat Delta Queen preserved for future generations and would like to support efforts to return the Delta Queen to overnight passenger cruise service, please consider becoming a member of the Honorary Crew of the Steamboat Delta Queen.

To become an Honorary Crew Member of the legendary Delta Queen, please email Cornel Martin at [email protected] or Leah Ann Ingram at [email protected]

Thank you for your interest in rescuing the Delta Queen!

Delta Queen Honorary Crew Membership Levels and Benefits

COMMODORE: $50,000 Contribution

Immediate benefits:
- Three free Hotel nights per month for Commodore Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin. Dates/Cabin Categories subject to availability
- 50% discount on all onboard purchases and published rates on all other Hotel stays by Commodore Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin.
- Commodore Level logo merchandise, apparel and recognition.

Additional benefits extended only if the vessel returns to overnight passenger service:

- 10 Complimentary Cruises for Commodore Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin. Sailing dates/Cabin Categories subject to availability.
- Guaranteed seating at the Captain's table during formal Captain's Dinner.
- Complimentary ground transportation and one free shore tour per cruise.
- 50% discount on all onboard purchases and published rates on additional cruises taken by Commodore Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin.

CAPTAIN: $25,000 Contribution

Immediate benefits:
- Two free Hotel nights per month for Captain Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin. Dates/Cabin Categories subject to availability
- 25% discount on all onboard purchases and published rates on all Hotel stays by Captain Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin.
- Captain Level logo merchandise and apparel.

Additional benefits extended only if the vessel returns to overnight passenger service:

- 5 Complimentary Cruises for Captain Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin. Sailing dates/Cabin Categories subject to availability.
- Complimentary ground transportation and one free shore tour per cruise.
- 25% discount on all onboard purchases and additional cruises taken by Captain Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin.

FIRST MATE: $10,000 Contribution

Immediate benefits:
- One free Hotel night per month for First Mate Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin. Dates/Cabin Categories subject to availability
- 15% discount on all onboard purchases and published rates on all Hotel stays by First Mate Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin.
- First Mate Level logo merchandise and apparel.

Additional benefits extended only if the vessel returns to overnight passenger service:

- 2 Complimentary Cruises for First Mate Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin. Sailing dates/Cabin Categories subject to availability.
- 15% discount on all onboard purchases and additional cruises taken by First Mate Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin.

Immediate benefits:
- One free Hotel night per month for Second Mate Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin. Dates/Cabin Categories subject to availability
- 10% discount on all onboard purchases and published rates on all Hotel stays by Second Mate Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin.
- Second Mate Level logo merchandise, apparel and recognition.

Additional benefits extended only if the vessel returns to overnight passenger service:

- 1 Complimentary Cruise taken by Second Mate Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin. Sailing dates/Cabin Categories subject to availability.
- 10% discount on all onboard purchases and additional cruises taken by Second Mate Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin.

- 10% discount on all onboard purchases and cruises taken by Deckhand Level member and one guest staying in the same cabin.
- Deckhand Level logo merchandise, apparel and recognition.

Additional benefits extended only if the vessel returns to overnight passenger service:

- Onboard recognition with posted brass plaques.
- Exclusive Honorary Crew activities.
- Priority booking and advanced notification of future cruise schedules.
- Priority booking on 14-Day inaugural cruise celebrating the vessel's return to river cruise service.

NOTE: All cruise benefits awarded only if vessel returns to cruise service. Complimentary Cruise benefit is only valid for cruises up to 7 nights in duration.

Steamboats.com Makes News in S&D Reflector 50th Anniversary Issue

Last year, S&D editor David Tschiggfrie contacted me to write an article for their fiftieth anniversary issue. We discussed an article about Steamboats.com, the website, and he liked the idea. Now the issue is out, and I am deeply honored to see my article side by side with articles by old friends and mentors in the steamboat world. Most of all, I love seeing Fred Way, the late, great, alpha scholar of steamboats, on the cover.

This is Fred Way, the main steamboat historian of the twentieth century. I met him several times in the 1960s, when my father used to take me to the Delta Queen for summer vacations.

I recognize nearly all these names, and just want to thank these folks for either contributing to Steamboats.com, or for being great Facebook friends (or both).

Guestbook Posting
On Feb 27, 2013, at 9:48 AM, shanes812 wrote:

I have a steamboat that i found in my yard while metal detecting it was about a foot and a half in the ground and it appears to be silver but it has great detail in the boat it has a smoke stack with smoke rolling out of it that has a hole in the smoke which appears to be what was a place attaching to a bracelet or neckless it has a paddle wheel at the rear it is all solid no moving parts but i would like to find out it historical position and its value and if it has any ties with a changer in history etc if interested please contact me by email or phone 918-617-7086.

Editor's Note: Shane is looking for information about the value of this interesting item. It is about an inch in size. If you can supply any information, please call or email Shane.

Model Builder Inducted into Steamboats.com Museum

We recently added an exhibit on model builder Lee Anne Ward. At this time she is working on her dream project: the J.M. White. Click here to visit the new exhibit. We plan to add more photos soon.

Find out more about this painting and see all the new acquisitions in the Dave Thomson Wing of the Steamboats.com Online Museum - click here.

Cincinnati's Steamboat Monument

A replica of the American Queen Steamboat's paddlewheel is the centerpiece of the Cincinnati waterfront steamboat monument.
Photo by Craig Stichtenoth. Click here for the Warren Stichtenoth exhibit at this site.

Help Needed on Value of Steamboat Object
On Jan 13, 2013, at 2:28 PM, Suzanne Gourd wrote:

I am Suzanne Gourd, I have an Mirror that was from the Robert E. Lee Steamboat. I am trying to find out the worth, of this item, i may also be interested in selling it, but i need some information. I was in hopes that you may help me or direct me to the proper organization that could.
If you could please contact me back concerning this matter it would be greatly appreciated. The mirror is approximately 5 ft x 3 ft with the original frame and finish.
Thank you for your time.
Suzanne Gourd
email Suzanne

Editor's Note: if anybody has suggestions on the value of this authentic mirror from the Robert E. Lee Steamboat, please contact Suzanne directly.

Delta Queen Supporters Start New Campaign
for River Boat's Exemption
The Delta Queen Steamboat May Return to the Rivers with Congressional Nod
Sent: 12/13/2012 5:11:25 A.M. Eastern Standard Time
Subj: Please, Please, Please Help if you can. Great News about the Delta Queen Steamboat
On Dec 15, 2012, at 4:23 AM, [email protected] wrote:

The Delta Queen Steamboat has been saved from going to Florida thanks to The City Commission members of New Smyrna Beach, Florida and to Mr. and Mrs. Heller for not purchasing the Delta Queen Steamboat and taking it to Florida. Now we desperately need a new exemption passed. Or a new law that would exempt the Delta Queen Steamboat from being included in a law that was written for Wooden Ocean Vessel, because the Delta Queen Steamboat is never far from land and should never have been included in the current law in the first place.

Please Help all of us and Millions of other people in this country, and the world for that matter. By bringing up the exemption topic again, and trying to get congress to free this beloved Boat and allow it back on our rivers again cruising safely like it has been for 81 years prior to 2009.

It is also worth noting that President Barack Obama did support the Delta Queen Steamboat getting an exemption back in 2008 before he was president. If you know of a way to get this email to President Barack Obama and it actually get to him, please send it to him. Thank you very much for your time and for what ever you have the power to do. We need your help. I have written to countless people about the Delta Queen Steamboat. Made a Video and my wife and I have driven thousands of miles up and down rivers putting up pamphlets in an attempt to inform people what was going on and what Congress was going to do and eventually did do to the Delta Queen Steamboat. I need something bigger than just me to get the Delta Queen Steamboat Freed. Please, Please, Please Help. Thanks, Sincerely. Jim Whetzel

For a short video on that WLWT News 5 made back in 2008. Please Click here: https://www.youtube.com/

A video that I had made about the possibility of the Delta Queen being purchased and taken to Florida that you can send to someone if you want. In the "Show More" section under the video it has the same info as this email: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TP1tin7xaDE

Here is a little information about why the Delta Queen Steamboat is where it is in case you cannot watch the videos.

Everyone may or may not know. The Delta Queen Steamboat is being used as a Floating Hotel in Chattanooga Tennessee for now to help maintain the boat and keep it cruise ready in case an exemption or a law gets passed. This exemption or law would free the boat from this mess it is caught up in, and allow it to go back on our beautiful rivers doing active cruises like it should be.

The only reason The Delta Queen is in this position of having to be a floating hotel instead of cruising are great rivers and water ways safely like she has been 81 years prior to 2009. Is because In 1966 Congress passed a law that outlawed vessels with a wooden superstructure from carrying more than 50 overnight passengers.

The law was originally intended for ocean-going cruise ships, but the Delta Queen&mdashnever far from the river banks&mdashwas ensnared in the regulation. Company officials petitioned Congress and ultimately were granted an exemption from the regulation which has been periodically renewed for the past 42 years prior to 2008, often attached as an amendment to other bills.

The current exemption expired November 1, 2008 and without Congressional renewal, the boat was forced out of service. The Delta Queen has a fully functioning fire suppression system and an impeccable safety record. The Delta Queen also carried a highly trained crew that lived on the boat for weeks and months at a time. The boat also had at least two night watchman that walked through out the whole boat upstairs and down through out the night while people were asleep every 20 minutes.

These night watchman had to stay in the pilot house with the pilot taking turns doing their walk around. While one would be doing his or her walk around the other was in the pilot house with the pilot, so there was always at least two people in the pilot house. The night watchman had check points that they had to get to all through out the boat by a certain time. The night watchman had a key that they had to turn that showed that they really were there so they could be accountable.

Most all of the cabins opened straight to the outside and they were never far or out of site from land. Plus the boat was never over crowded like the olden days when it was standing room only. Even with all of the cabins occupied with one or two people it was not over crowded.

So I ask you Congress and Coast Guard and Mr president if your reading this: Please do the right thing and give the Delta Queen the exemption the boat deserves and people want, because the Delta Queen is not an ocean vessel that can't make it to land if something is wrong. Thank You for reading.

Click Here For A Google Search For More Information. Once you get to Google, you may want to click on "Search Tools" at the top of the page to have Google give you the most recent results: Google search.

The Following is a letter that I wrote back in 2008 about the exemption that the Delta Queen should never of had to deal with in the first place.

Wow. I cry just thinking about this magnificent boat not cruising up and down our beautiful rivers. How can our government allow this to happen? This is senseless. My wife and I have taken many, many cruses on the Delta Queen and my parents have taken well over forty full length week long and two week long cruises on the Delta Queen. I am forty years old. My parents started cruising on the Delta Queen when I was in my late teens. After I was married, my wife and I started chasing the Delta Queen up and down the rivers taking pictures while my parents were cruising on her. We would be on bridges on banks waving at the passengers and my parents when they saw us. We have drove and flown thousands of miles chasing the Delta Queen and had great fun doing it. One day my parents told us that they were paying for us to go with them on the Delta Queen from Pittsburgh PA to Cincinnati, OH. We also went up the Kanawha River to Charleston, WV.

Wow, I cannot even think of the words to express how great that cruises was. I hardly left the top deck. We did not sleep much because we did not want to miss any of the river. We were finally cruising on the Delta Queen Steamboat. The boat we had spent so many days chasing. A boat that I had read about in the history books when I was in elementary school. I have to tell you. I have worked for the airlines for twenty-one years. My wife and I can fly anywhere in the world for very little cost and have, but we have never had a better vacation on any ocean liner or anywhere that we have traveled. Than we have had on every cruise that we have taken on the Delta Queen. There is nothing and I mean nothing like being on the magnificent majestic Delta Queen Steamboat.

When you know the history of this boat. Knowing that you are cruising on a boat that you have read about in the history books. Cruising on the great Mississippi River or the beautiful Ohio River and so many other beautiful rivers here in our great country that the Delta Queen travels on. To see and feel what it was like to travel so many years ago as our aunt sisters use to when the rivers were filled with steamboats. Sure you can take a modern boat, but trust me. There is nothing like being on the Delta Queen. What a way to see our country. Its a way that everyone should get to see. Looking at this beautiful country from the river on a historic steamboat is so much nicer than any other way.

Those of you that have cruised on the Delta Queen before know what I am talking about. Those of you who haven't cruised on the Delta Queen I hope you get the chance. I like to sit outside up front in the springtime, summer or fall and feel the warm breeze as we move along between seven and twelve miles per hour listening to faint sounds of the paddle wheel from behind. The water on the river is as smooth as glass and the Delta Queen is so quiet its like you are gliding across the water. Its incredible and the wildlife that you see "wow."

I especially like watching the sunset over the river. I just hope our kids and there kids will be able to see and feel what we have seen and felt by cruising on the Delta Queen Steamboat. There is no other floating historic land mark that you can do this on. While we are stopped at all of the little river towns that have been bypassed by interstate highways. I talk to the people. They tell me how important it is for their town to have the Delta Queen stop in. The store owners come out. They shuttle people back and forth to there businesses for free. The town government officials come out to greet the passengers on the Delta Queen. They give free tours of the towns and let people off where ever they want to shop.

A lot of these little towns are just hanging in there by a thread economically. They need the Delta Queen and all of the passengers and crew she brings when she comes to their town. A lot of these small towns have added boat landings, stairs, wheel chair accessible ramps just to accommodate and to attract the Delta Queen to come to there towns.

"Please everyone." We cannot sit here and let this happen to the Delta Queen. She has a remarkable safety record. She is never far from land. She is never over crowded like the boats were in the olden days. She has a fully functional fire suppression system and a superbly trained crew which I might add, many of the crew members have devoted their life to working and taking care of this boat. We have gotten to know so many of them over the years. We have never felt safer on any mode of transportation and I think we have been on them all.

Whomever is reading this. If you have the power to keep the Delta Queen Steamboat cruising on our great rivers as she has done for so many years. Please, Please do something. The Delta Queen needs you. The crew of the Delta Queen needs you. The people in hundreds of river towns need you and we need you, thousands of other citizens past, present, and future of the United States of America. Thank you for anything you can do.

Jim and Beth Whetzel and parents Irvin and Naomi Whetzel

Editor's Note: Let's make 2013 the year we get the exemption for the Delta Queen Steamboat! Call your U.S. Representative and to Congressmen. Call again in January!

December 10, 2012
Delta Queen to Remain on Tennessee River

NEW SMYRNA BEACH&mdashA local hotel owner has pulled out of negotiations to buy the Delta Queen riverboat and abandoned plans to bring the historic vessel to New Smyrna Beach [east coast of Florida] as a floating hotel.

Editor's note: this is a victory for the Delta Queen, which will remain under the loving care of the good people in Chattanooga. See entire article at the Daytona Beach News-Journal, click here.

On Nov 16, 2012, at 7:29 PM, david davenport wrote:

I am writing a book about the civil war experiences of Henry Banta, a Private in the 17th Indiana Infantry. In January 1864 he and his comardes re-enlisted and were given a furlough to return home for one month. They left Nashville and traveled on a steamer named the "Havana" that journeyed down the Cumberland River and then upstream on the Ohio to Evansville, Indiana, where they disembarked for a journey by train to Indianapolis.

I would very much like to know more about the steamer "Havana" so I can speculate as to the conditions the men experienced on their three day journey. Was it a stern wheeler or a side wheeler? What was its tonnage? When and where was it built? Was it a civilian vessel before the war or among those "thrown together" to serve as troop transport by the war department. What was its ultimate fate? Etc etc.

I tried to find the Havana in Lloyd's Steamboat Directory but it is not listed.

Can you recommend a source for information about the "Havana" that would enlighten me?

Thank you for your kind reply,
David Paul Davenport, Ph.D. email

Editor's note: You're welcome! If anyone can volunteer information, please contact Dr. Davenport at the email address or write to steamboats.com and we will send your letter along.

On Nov 8, 2012, at 10:05 AM, Shane K. Bernard wrote:

Greetings from south Louisiana!

I enjoyed browsing your website&mdashthe graphics are very well-done and as helpful as the text.

I'm wondering if you could offer your opinion about some artifacts I spotted this past weekend while canoeing on Bayou Teche in south Louisiana -- a bayou that served as a major steamboat route from ca. 1830 to the early 1900s. (See attached images.)

The artifacts, from one end to the other, consist of what looks like a boiler (about 4 feet in diameter and about 12 feet in length) four pairs of threaded bolts rising out of the water, each fitted with a nut and, lastly, several pieces of sheet metal, some horizontal, some vertical, over which is draped an iron cable. (I attach photos of all these objects.) From one end to the other -- assuming these artifacts are part of a single object -- I measured about 85 feet.

Judging from the photos, do you think this artifact comes from a steamboat, or a sugar apparatus that has fallen into the bayou (there were lots of sugar plantations along the bayou, each of which had their own sugar house with boilers of various kinds), or something else? Any suggestions you might make would be greatly appreciated!

I also saw a "riveted pipe" many miles north of the boiler in question, but also in Bayou Teche I have a photo of it on my own blog site:

Fred Way's photos donated to Marietta College

On Nov 2, 2012, at 2:30 PM, David Thomson wrote:

This news is two years old but it's the first I've heard about it. Wonder if any of it will get digitized and put online as the Murphy and others have done.
Alumni News Community News 2010

Marietta College's Legacy library acquires photo collection

Officials from Marietta College's Legacy Library are pleased to announce the acquisition of the Fred Way Collection of Steamboat Images. This significant collection of more than 9,500 negatives documents riverboats that plied the Mississippi River and its tributaries (principally the Ohio River) from the mid 19th century through the later 20th century.

The collection includes images of both packet boats (passenger and freight boats operating on a schedule between two main terminals, as well as ferry boats, excursion boats, and lighthouse tenders) and towboats (work boats involved in moving bulk freight in barges). Roughly 55 percent of the collection contains images of packet boats, about 25 percent is devoted to towboats, and the remainder represents showboats, people, Civil War gunboats and other miscellany.

Fred Way (1901-92) was active in riverboat work in his early career as pilot and master on boats working the Ohio River and its tributaries. Although he never gave up life on the river, he eventually devoted himself to becoming a writer, publishing books about life on the river, such as The Log of the Betsy Ann (1933), Pilotin' Comes Natural (1943), and Saga of the Delta Queen (1951), and indispensible reference books on riverboats, culminating in Way's Packet directory, 1848-1983: passenger steamboats of the Mississippi River system since the advent of photography in mid-continent America (1983) and Way's steam towboat directory (1990).

Way was also publisher of the Inland River Record, an annual compilation of boats operating on inland waters, until 1976. He served as president of the Sons and Daughters of Pioneer Rivermen from 1941 until his death in 1992, and for many years edited its journal, the S&D Reflector.

Way began photographing riverboats as a youngster in 1914 and these images were invaluable in his many publishing pursuits. Way continued developing his collection of riverboat photos and the Steamboat Photo Company was organized to provide prints to the public. He began expanding his collection of images in 1939, combining photographs he had taken himself, with copy negatives of images of over a dozen other photographers. Comprised largely of photographic negatives in 5-inch-by-7-inch or postcard size, the collection includes both film and glass plate media.

"The Way Collection is an amazing addition to the Special Collections of the Legacy Library at Marietta College," said Dr. Douglas Anderson, Director of the Library, "and it substantially augments the number of riverboat images we have in our other photograph collections relating to the history of Marietta, Ohio, an important and early river town at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum Rivers."

Joseph W. (Woody) Rutter [class of] '48, Fred Way's son-in-law, donated the collection to Marietta. Rutter was involved with the collection from its earliest days helping to organize it and duplicate photos for the Steamboat Photo Company as a way of earning some income while in high school and college.

Woody Rutter followed in his father-in-law's footsteps to become editor of the S&D Reflector, 1993-2006, and president of the Sons and Daughters of Pioneer Rivermen, 1993-2005. He is also the author of Wreaking Havoc: A Year in an A-20, telling the story of his experiences in the Army Air Forces during World War II.

These resources, as well as many others, are available for research to students and faculty of Marietta College and to members of the community. For more information or to schedule an appointment for researching these materials, please contact: Linda Showalter, Special Collections Associate, Marietta College Library, (740) 376-4545, [email protected]

The Marietta College Library encourages donations of historic materials related to events, individuals, and organizations of Marietta and Washington County, Ohio, and the surrounding area. For more information contact: Dr. Douglas Anderson, Director of the Library, Marietta College, (740) 376-4758,[email protected]

Legacy Library is located on the campus of Marietta College, 215 Fifth St., Marietta, OH 45750. Special Collections hours are 9 a.m.-noon and 1-5 p.m., Tuesday through Thursday and by appointment on Monday and Friday. Special Collections is closed on Saturday and Sunday.

On Oct 28, 2012, at 9:14 AM, Richard Little wrote:

name: Richard Little
location: British Columbia

message: According to regimental history, in March of 1864 the 23rd Indiana Infantry left Vicksburg in mass on furlough up the Mississippi and Ohio to New Albany Indiana by "paddle wheel".

Would anyone have any information on the steam "paddle wheel" that would have carried them or information on where I could begin my search.

It is believed that my great grandfather brought his war bride back with him to Indiana at that time.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

visits: Been here a few times before
rate: Threads of our genealogy

Editor's Note: If you can help, please write to Steamboats.com and we will forward your answers to Richard Little.

On Oct 24, 2012, at 3:35 PM, wrote:

I came across your website while I was doing research about steamboats. I am currently writing an historical romance and trying to find out the actual names and type of steamboat (showboat?) that would transport pioneers from St. Louis, MO, to Independence Landing for their journey on the Oregon trail. I would appreciate any information you might have or perhaps you could steer me in the right direction. The date my characters would be on the steamboat would be 1866.

Editor's Note: If you have information to share with Verna Clay to help with her novel, please reply to the email address above.

On Sep 25, 2012, at 6:28 PM, karen konnerth wrote:

name: Karen Konnerth
location: New Orleans, Louisiana
message: I would like to find out what boats, besides the Natchez in New Orleans, have functioning and regularly played steam calliopes. Thanks so much for any information.
url: http://www.calliopepuppets.com email: Yes, include my email (encoded in SpamStopper software) email Karen - click here
visits: First time
rate: Educational research project (school)

Editor's Note: Thank you Karen! I hope the calliope people find you!!

On Sep 12, 2012, at 12:03 PM, CaptJim wrote:

Could you provide me with any information on a steam boat called the USS Southern. A book on the Civil War I was reading referred to her as having left Atlanta in 1861 for N.Y but never arrived. Was beleived lost in a hurricane off N.C or VA. I can't find any record of this ship. Any hints on where to look would be appreciated!

Editor's note: in the Fred Way directory, the listing for this boat says:

If you have any further information, please email Capt. Jim.

September 8, 2012
2103 Delta Queen Calendars Now Available

On Sep 8, 2012, at 8:41 AM, John Weise wrote:

My new DQ Calendar is just back from the printer. The calendar features pictures taken from 1992 to 1999 on the Upper Mississippi, Ohio, Illinois, Arkansas & Lower Mississippi Rivers.

The price will remain at $15 per calendar with an additional $2/ calendar for those required to be mailed. Last year I sold out before Christmas so get your checks in to me early. They do make wonderful presents for Christmas, Thanksgiving or Birthdays!

August 18, 2012
Historic Riverboat Captain's Kentucky Home to be Auctioned

Neal Tindle reports that Capt. J M White's last home is about to be auctioned on Aug. 25, 2012 in Cloverport, Kentucky. Capt. White is buried in the local cemetery and local historians are seeking someone interested in purchasing this beloved historic site. If you want it, get yourself a Cloverport real estate agent who is experienced in purchasing homes at auction. Or, if the bank gets it, they may put it up for sale. Either way, let's hope someone worthy gets the house and appreciates it.

Editor's Note: Thank you Dave Thomson for pulling up what is probably the listing for this house.

August 10, 2012
Opinion: Time to Pray for Rain

The American Queen is laid up in Memphis this weekend due to low water and drought conditions. If ever there was a time when the weather has brought us to our knees to pray, certainly this is it. This has been the hottest year on record in America&mdashever in the history of record keeping. When it gets cold in the winter, the global warming deniers come out with their anti-scientific negative rhetoric. However, when we experience extended droughts and record-breaking heat waves, and even our beloved steamboat is harmed, we defy the skeptics to open their big mouths now. The funniest one I have heard so far is that the moon rocks we collected in the 1960s are the cause of unusual weather patterns. Most likely it is all the fossil fuel products we burn.

August 4, 2012
Queen of the Mississippi Launches in New Orleans

Steamboats.com welcomes the Queen of the Mississippi, a brand new 150 passenger overnight cruise ship on the Mississippi River system. Her regular stops will include New Orleans, St. Francisville, Baton Rouge, Oak Alley, Natchez, Vicksburg, St. Louis, Cincinnati, Memphis, and Nashville. This will double the number of overnight paddlewheel cruise ships, and here at steamboats.com we say, "The more the merrier!" We look forward to welcoming the Delta Queen back to the river, and it is up to us to make it happen.

On Jul 31, 2012, at 9:10 AM, Lexie Palmore McMillen wrote:

name: Lexie Palmore
location: Leadville, Colorado
message: Looking for the location of small paddlewheeler named Hiawatha.
email: Yes, include my email (encoded in SpamStopper software)

Editor's note: if you can help, please email Lexie Palmore, click here.

June 23, 2010
To honor their flagship, the American Queen, the Great American Steamboat Company will change its name to the American Queen Steamboat Company, effective July 1. To learn more about the corporate history of the three queens, check out the Delta Queen Timeline at this site, see https://steamboats.com/museum/deltaqueentimeline.html

June 22, 2012
Small Fire Forces Evacuation of Delta Queen

About 5 p.m. yesterday, John Price, an assistant manager on the Delta Queen notice smoke coming from the starboard side of the boat. Fire trucks and fire boats put the fire out, which appeared to be coming from the bumper rail. According to Randy Ingram, who manages the riverboat along with his wife, no injuries were reported and damage was negligible.

On Jun 10, 2012, at 7:58 PM, barbara thomas wrote:

name: Barbara Maikell-Thomas
location: LA, TN
message: Looking for information concerning my great grand father. I am posting the information we know. but would love to hear more


Captain William Maikell, Whose friends said he was the last steamboat captain to hold a license to take a boat all the way to the headwaters of the Red river at Arthur, TX.,died Here (Marine Hospital Memphis TN)

Captain Maikell 83 years old was born near New Orleans. La and had spent almost 60 years "On the river." He had been waharfamster for the Lee Line at Memphis after the steamer Valley Queen of which he was master, was withdrawn.

Here are a couple of more articles. One was was interesting to me, because he actually came to Tx. This article concerns the steamboat the Valley Queen:

William Maikell was the warf master of the Valley Queen at some time.

Int the Watersway Journal Capt. Maikell is called: Capt. William Maikell, Capt. Will Maikell, Capt. Billy Maikell And Capt. Billy Maikel. at various times.

Frances Parkins Keys in her novel Steamboat Gothic, which she wrote in the 193o's ( I think) . she mentions a steamboat Capt. Maikel ( same spelling. most likely it being a such unusal name. it is fairly certain Mrs. Keys must have met Capt. Maikell at some time, and actually used his name.

Also noted that the Valley Queen burned 2, March 1903

Another article on Capt. Maikell occurred in the Port Arthur Tx.Beaumont where he was hired by the Shell company to be the lead engineer to raise the Barge "Cyclone." This article was small but I transcribed most of it.

Capt. Maikell Barge Cyclone Raised 1910 Port Arthur Tx. "Beumont Enterprise and Journal"

Barge "Cyclone" Raised
Captain Maikell rights the Vessel in Sabina River Near Orange

Port Arthur, Texas, Dec. 18&mdashThe Iceland shell company's barge Cyclone "was righted las Saturday by Captain Maikell a professional wrecker from New Orleans and was taken to Orange and pumped out. She will be again put in commission in the san J and shell bussinesss. Captain Maikell was working for the underwriters who would not make public the cost of the job.

Some things can be arrived at by analysis and comparison and the righting of the Cyclone is one of them. The Texas Dredging company's barge "H Deuteer" which turned turtiv in the lower Neches isa year ago cost $2, 250 go put upon its feet. These figures appear to be out of all proportion to a job like that, but they are correc. In the final attempt which succeeded to right the "Deuteer" four of the heaviest sea going tugs inthese waters were employed at once. These tugs were the Captian the della, the Russell and the Viva. The last named tug was owned by the steering company. The others were hired. The service of sea- gong tugh is worth about one hundred dollars a day.

While the Deuteer was turned over in about three hours, when the four tugs goat a grip on the craft, yet a month had been spent before the numerouse and vain attempts to get the vessel on its feet. This was what made the cost run up to over $2,000 about one half of the orginal cost of the barge. The job on the Cyclone was done much cheaper for fewer at taking her had been maked. But that it was an under writer's job, and that a professionalman had to be accured from New Orleans. Indivuals indicates that the expense was heavy. In a swift current the . . . would have been praticullary (a little more to this article but light and difficult to read) They were sucessful.

and a article in Capt. Wm. Maikell, dated 30 March 1919 Times Picayune

Has the privilege to furnish boats to carry visitors to the war vessels now at anchor in stream / foot of Canal street and will have the steamer Dixie and the launches Hazel and Henry W.. Visitors allowed aboard from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Round trip 25 cents.

On Jun 6, 2012, at 10:30 AM, Roger Anderson wrote:

name: Roger G. Anderson
location: Minnesota-Canada
message: My gggrandfather was Steamboat Capt. Aaron Raymond Russell. He was part of the Nile River Capts. with J.S. Segers. I'm trying to find articles and what ever info I can find. Thanks

Editor's note: anyone with information about Captain Aaron Raymond Russell or Captain J.S. Segers, please send it to me so I can forward it to Roger and post to the site.

On Jun 2, 2012, at 12:08 PM, Betty Stevens wrote:

name: Betty Stevens
location: Manhattan, Kansas
message: Kansas does have a famous steamboat: The Hartford. It brought some of the settlers of our fair city (Manhattan) back in 1855. Alas, like most others on the Kansas (aka Kaw) River, it had a hard time finding enough water, and had to stop about 15 miles short of its destination (just past Fort Riley). It survived after discharging its Manhattan founders, however, and finally burnt up about 15 miles downstream on one of its subsequent trips. The state and local historical societies have some accurate pictures/drawings of it, in case you would like to build one.
email: Yes, include my email (encoded in SpamStopper software) email Betty - click here
visits: First time
rate: Threads of our genealogy

Editor's note: thank you for the information. So sad to hear of the historic vessel's demise. We steamboat lovers also love historic preservation. At least they still have accurate pictures and drawings of the boat.

On May 30, 2012, at 3:38 PM, Noah Katz wrote:

I am looking for any photographs or pictures of the 1864 RIVER QUEEN which was built in Keyport NJ and used by General Grant and President Lincoln during the Civil War. I am most interested in a clear picture of the steam whistle of the RIVER QUEEN, since we are trying to properly re-create the sound of the steam whistle for a Civil War era film we are working on.

Thanks so much for your consideration,
Noah Katz

Editor's note: If you have information, sound files, or photos of the 1864 River Queen, please send it in. I will forward to Noah and post here. Thanks!

May 5, 2012
Recent Updates to Steamboats.com

New acquisitions in the Dave Thomson Wing of the online steamboat museum. To see the latest, click here.

New model boat photos from John Fryant, click here.

The latest on the Mississippi Queen mermaids from George Burch - click here for the mermaid page.

New photos of the American Queen by John Weise - click here. The American Queen is docked in Cincinnati as we speak. First time long time.

May 3, 2012
Belle of Louisville Wins Steamboat Race

Yesterday was the annual steamboat race to coincide with the Kentucky Derby. Competing were the Belle of Louisville, the Belle of Cincinnati, and the American Queen. Congratulations to the Belle of Louisville and all the boats.

Bitter, party of one back here in Arizona, on this desolate patch of desert with not a steamboat in site. Consider yourself blessed to have a steamboat race. Meanwhile, I will drown my sorrows over the Delta Queen being unable to participate again this year. I am wallowing in my own self-pity, so don't take offesne. But common Lord, please let the steamboat travel on the rivers. She is still alive.

April 27, 2012
God Bless the Queen on Re-christening Day

We the Steamboat American Queen. Long live the Queen! God bless American Queen godmother Priscilla Presley, thank you for re-christening the boat.

April 21, 2012
Queens Update

American Queen News the first voyage is underway now, marking a return to the river of one our the Queen sisters. We send our best wishes. The Great American Steamboat Company, based in Memphis, has formed an alliance with the Elvis Presley family, and Priscilla Presley will re-christen the American Queen on April 27.

Delta Queen News the desperate situation continues, with the steamboat community uniting behind Chattanooga as the preferred situation for the Delta Queen. You can help, see article below. Steamboats.com implores Mr. Wayne Heller to reconsider and have mercy on the Delta Queen. If he wants to help the boat, he could make a donation toward her deferred maintenance. The boat is too young to die. Plus, it is difficult to believe that the Coast Guard would allow her to be towed out on the open seas in the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean. Our thoughts and prayers&mdashand letters&mdashgo out to save her.

Mississippi Queen News the bell from the Mississippi Queen will be donated to the Howard Steamboat Museum in Jeffersonville, Indiana. It is currently on the American Queen, but they will deliver it to the museum when the boat arrives for the Great Steamboat Race, on May 2. We would like to thank Keith Norrington for his part in making this possible, and for spreading the good news.

The Mermaids from the bow of the Mississippi Queen were also salvaged and will sit on a cliff overlooking the Ohio River once they are refurbished. The new proud owner, George Burch, said:

MQ spirit lives on, the pilothouse sign in its temporary position at MM 600.5 on the Ohio.

The mermaids as I found them in Pierre Part LA. They are being restored locally and should be ready for display this summer.

Also, they will be displayed (temporary) for the Great Steamboat Race on April 25, Belle of Louisville Vs American Queen. If you happen to be on one of the boats try to get the Capt to give us a whistle or two in memory of the MQ.

On Mar 18, 2012, at 10:05 PM, Robin wrote:

I came upon your site while in search of Ray Monson. I have a piece either pen and pencil or watercolor of the Delta Queen riverboat. After perusing your site I did not find anything I could use to help me identify this piece. All I know is that it is 25-35 years old and signed and numbered under the matting 32/200 "Delta Queen" Ray Monson in pencil. I have attached a photo of the picture for you to examine and maybe you might be able to give me some insight on this. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you for your time.
Robin Doyle (email)

On Mar 28, 2012, at 8:27 AM, Travis Vasconcelos wrote:

Dear Friend of the DELTA QUEEN

As you may know, Wayne Heller and his wife Judy are in the process of building a Hotel at 120 N.Causeway Blvd in New Symrna Florida. He is attempting to purchase the DELTA QUEEN from Xanterra Corporation to move her to the east coast of Florida by 1, June 2012.

Being a fan of the DELTA QUEEN, you know her hull is not equipped to handle the exposure to salt water, nor is she constructed to safely handle the Hurricanes and Tropical Storms she will be exposed to. This would be a short-term operation for her, as she would not hold up very long.

Please help us Save the DELTA QUEEN by writing to the City Council of New Symrna Beach and letting them know how dangerous it would be to have a vessel designed for use as a river steamboat utilized as a hotel on their waterfront. Please let them know of the historical importance of the boat on the inland waters.

If we all take the time to write emails to the people listed below, we can go a long way toward Saving the DELTA QUEEN for generations to come.

I have listed email addresses for all the members of the City Council below. Please take a moment and let them know how you feel. I think we can effect a very positive future for the DELTA QUEEN by doing this.

Because the City Council will be meeting on the 10th of April to either approve or disapprove of this venture, it is imperative you do this before the end of this week. Please, won't you help us in this very critical matter?

Thank you for your time and help in this matter!

City Commission
210 Sams Ave.
New Smyra Beach, FL 32168

Mayor - Adam Barringer [email protected]
Vice Mayor - James Hathaway [email protected]
City Commissioner- JS Grasty [email protected]
Commissioner - Lynne Plaskett [email protected]
City Commissioner - Judy Reiker [email protected]

Editor's Note: this is urgent, so please write a polite but firm letter to the officials listed above. The Delta Queen is a river boat, not an ocean going vessel. It would be in danger if moved to the Florida coast. To read the article, click here.

From Virgil Reynolds: a limited edition Delta Queen model.

For more model boats at Steamboats.com, visit the model boat hobby page!

Need Information
On Mar 3, 2012, at 4:12 PM, Jody King wrote:

Hi - I just found some original blueprints by Frederick Aeschbacher, Naval Architect, Brookline, Mass. and was trying to find out more about him. These appear to be very old. Would you possibly have any info on him?
Thanks, Jody King (email)

Editor's note: here is further information from Jody.

Editor's note: here is more information from John Fryant, an expert in this field.

Hi, Nori,
The boat plans look to me like drawings for a large sailing yacht. It looks to be an old design, as she has a gaff rigged mainsail. In case you're not familiar with that, there is a boom at the upper part of the mast that the top of the sail is attached to. That rig was widely usd on the old-time yachts. I'm no real expert on sailing vessels, but this does definatley look like drawings for someone's large private yacht. I'd guess about 50 feet or so in length.
Hope this is some help.

Help Requested
On Feb 27, 2012, at 7:13 PM, A.B. wrote:

name: Aaron Blick
location: Texas
message: I have a painting that is called Natchez Steamboat. It has a crab, catfish, crawfish and turtle on the boat/playing instruments. I am trying to gather some information on this painting. The painter and time it was painted.

Editor's Note: Amazing painting, thanks. If anybody has information, please contact: Email Aaron

February 21, 2012
American Queen Seeks 300 Employees

The Great American Steamboat Company will hold a job fair tomorrow at the Cook Convention Center in Memphis. Employees will work onboard the American Queen Steamboat as it travels from homeport Memphis on the Mississippi River, to New Orleans, St. Louis, and St. Paul and on the Ohio River to Louisville, Cincinnati, and Pittsburgh. Categories of employment include: hotel, hospitality, housekeeping, culinary, marine, and technical crew. If you miss the job fair, but still want to find out about working on the boat, go to GreatAmericanSteamboatCompany.com and click on "jobs."

February 20, 2012
History is Cool Again!

James R. Lee, a descendant of the famed Lee Line packet company, got active and built a website dedicated to his steamboat ancestors. LeeLineSteamers.com offers historic photos, documents, and insider information only a family member could gather. James describes his connection to the legendary company:

I found this photo on an old glass negative of a steamboat and wanted to share it with someone who may know something about it. If anyone can give me any information about the boat or the place the picture was taken I would appreciate it. Thank you,
Dean Morgan

Your little sternwheel ferry was the El Capitan (built St. Louis 1903) operated between Natchez and Vidalia. In the attached publicity photo the ferry was doing duty as a movie boat loading up with cotton bales in MGM's1929 talkie Hallelujah directed by King Vidor with an all black cast. The location in the movie still is apparently the Memphis wharf with the shore of Mud Island in the background.

Your icy winter photo could have been taken at Natchez, Mississippi with Vidalia, Louisiana across the river. I didn't know that the Mississippi freezes up that far south but an entry on the Natchez trace site says the following: "In the winter, because the Parkway spans 444 miles north and south, conditions vary greatly. Expect very mild winters near Natchez with only occasional freezing."

Steamboats.com Remembers Alan L. Bates

Obituary in the Louisville Courier-Journal*

BATES, ALAN L., 88, of Louisville, passed away on January 1, 2012 at his daughter's home.

He was an Army veteran of World War II and a retired Naval Architect.

Alan was chosen to make renovations of the steamer "Avalon" into the "Belle of Louisville". He served as first mate on the Belle for a number of years and received his masters license. He designed the steamboat "Natchez" and is known as an expert on steamboats throughout the world. Alan was a founder of the Howard Steamboat Museum, a member of the Model Railroad Club, the German American Club, Sons & Daughters of Pioneer Rivermen, and a columnist for the "Waterways Journal" in St. Louis, MO.

He is survived by his wife, the former Rita Aschbacher daughters, Patricia Cooley, Catherine Atcher (Mark), Barbara Koehler (Steve) son, Lawrence Bates sister, Dorothy C. Cheney eight grandchildren and six great-grandchildren.

Cremation was chosen. Highlands Funeral Home is in charge of arrangements. Donations may be made to the Howard Steamboat Museum, 1101 E. Market, Jeffersonville, IN, 47130. A party in celebration of his life will be held in the future.

A few from the online guestbook:

Pat, I remember your father (and mother) very well! Very kind to your friends when we were young. I have followed your father's accomplishments over the years and I know you are very proud of him and will sorely miss him. My family and I send your family our thoughts and prayers.

Jacque Myers,
Louisville, Kentucky
January 06, 2012

As a younger man, I enjoyed the times my parents visited and socialized with Alan and Rita. Alan always impressed me with his scope of interests and his enthusiastic approach to life. I will never see a steamboat or alpine horn again without thinking of Alan. He was a valued friend to my Dad Frank, and I always enjoyed hearing their laughter as they shared stories, usually with some prank involved. Peace and joyful memories to all of you as you remember a fine Husband, Dad, Grandpa (Opa), Artist and friend.

Rick Knoop,
Louisville, Kentucky
January 05, 2012

Cruise American on the American Queen

In case you haven't noticed, all cruise ships are owned by foreign entities. If you want to support America, take your next cruise on the only American cruise line, the Great American Steamboat Company [www.greatamericansteamboatcompany.com website offline]. Not only will you support an American boat and an American company, but your cruise will take you to America! Further, you can choose from a variety of theme cruises: music, steamboat races, or history cruises. Show your love for your country and your country's history! Book your next cruise on the American Queen.

The American Queen is having a sale today!
Book your luxury river voyage Friday, Friday, February 10, 2012
to receive an extra bonus and additional special amenities.
BONUS: $100 onboard credit
Reserve and deposit on the same day to get an additional bonus of $100 onboard credit per stateroom.

Georgetown, PA, Steamboat History

Revisit the steamboating days of 1850-1870 with historian Fran Nash. GeorgetownSteamboats.com is an intense historical site with local stories, steamboat and steamboat captains' biographies. Fran said, "Few people know of the Georgetown steamboat men. I thought I would try to give them a stage." All the stories are centered around Georgetown, PA, mile marker 38.9 from Pittsburgh on the Ohio River.

Last April, June Antrim of Northwest Georgia, went onboard the Delta Queen with a stash of rare historic photos and asked to speak to a manager. She met with Justin Strickland who said the collection made his hair stand on end. The collection included photos of the Delta Queen under construction in 1926, photos not known to exist. The photographs originally belonged to Jim Burns, who served as chief of construction, a friend of the Antrim family.

Ms. Antrim also donated original brochures, correspondence, and artifacts that belonged to Jim Burns, including a steamer trunk full of old tools.

Strickland said, "The tools were all used on the construction site during the building and most are wood working tools. The last time that tool box was sitting on this floor was probably 1923."

Michael Williams, a former captain of The Delta Queen, said, "There are things here that we thought were missing in the history of the Delta Queen. Items ] that we thought were destroyed in WWII."

Strickland told reporters that the collection will be archived and digitized.

Steamboat Reunion in New Orleans
Set for June 2012
Info. from Tracey Smith

Friday 6/3 - Steamboat Natchez. Here's the link for tickets: http://www.neworleanssteamboat.com/2011/SteamboatersReunion/reserve.htm
Saturday 6/4 - Afternoon Pool Party and Photo Share: Hilton Garden Inn with cash bar.
Saturday 6/4 - 9:30 PM: Tom Hook and the Steamboat Syncopaters (Rick Trolsen, Steve Braun (Trapper) at dos jefes Cigar Bar uptown
Sunday 6/5 - Still being planned.

The hotel is the Hilton Garden Inn at 821 Gravier St., New Orleans French Quarter, 504-324-6000. $104/night. Sharon Hirsch works here and got us the best price around.

Alternative hotel info. from Joe Grannan:

Good Morning Tracey and all Steamboaters,

For anyone on more of a budget, I now work at the Prytania Park Hotel and have the following rates available for anyone interested. I know Clara and Rhondi are partial to this hotel.

Historic Full - 49.00
Hiostoric Queen - 59.00
Contemporary Queen - 69.00
Double Queen - 79.00

There is also the Prytania Oaks across the street, a newer contemporary hotel.
Queen - 89.00
King - 99.00

Happy holidays The holidays are upon us. It can be a stressful time, but if you think about it, it is our traditional end of year party. We take time to think about those who are important to us, write them a note, visit, wish them well, even give a gift. To get into the holiday spirits, this page offers suggestions: saving the Delta Queen, three different 2012 steamboat calendars fabulous cruise tickets and Kindle books by the webmaster, Nori Muster. If any of these seem like something your friends would enjoy, continue reading. For the latest steamboat news and pranks, click here.

December 19, 2011
Let's Sew up Deferred Maintenance on the Delta Queen

Everyone who wants to support paint brushes, power tools, and the people who use them to catch up deferred maintenance projects on the Delta Queen, we have a preservation society for you. Contact the Delta Queen Preservation Foundation through the onboard hotel.

Give them a generous check with a list of repairs you wish you could do yourself. Even if you can't spend time in Chattanooga this holiday season, you can feel proud to add your name to the list of souls who love the boat.

December 8, 2011
Book a Paddlewheel Steamboat Cruise on the Mississippi River

Next spring marks the return of the American Queen Steamboat. This is a great opportunity to celebrate, since they have a great line-up of musicians. According to an article in TravelPulse.com*, the entertainment for the American Queen's inaugural season will include Glenn Miller, the Harry James orchestras directed by Fred Radke, The Lovin' Spoonful, B.J. Thomas, Bill Haley's Comets, seven Rat Pack cruises, the Annie Moses Band, the New Orleans Jazz All-Stars, the Juggernaut Jug Band, the Storefront Congregation, and The Platters.

Music adds so much to these cruises. In February 1996, I went on a Dixieland jazz cruise on the Delta Queen. The house band gave a demonstration on the difference between regular jazz and Dixieland, and the players were fun to have along. Pete Fountain joined the cruise one night only to play. The boat pulled over to pick him up, then dropped him off three hours down river, where a car was waiting.

December 8, 2011
American Queen Welcomes Back the Queens' Riverlorians

The Queens' Riverlorians are Back. Mary Charlton, Travis Vasconcelos, and Jerry Hay will serve as on-board riverlorians when the American Queen Steamboat goes back to the rivers in 2012. This is good news, because in 2008 when the American riverboat cruise industry went down, it put all the Delta Queen riverlorians out of work. Our best wishes for these three stars and all the good people who served the Delta Queen and her sisters up to the bitter end.

Belle of Cincinnati 2012 Calendar

Get your 2012 Delta Queen Calendar!!

Delta Queen photographer John Weise of Cincinnati has produced the 2012 wall calendar, great for your home office. Buy a couple extra for gifts.

The cost will still be $15 per calendar but I will have to add a $2 shipping & handling charge per calendar to cover the postage.

All the photos in the 2012 calendar were taken between 1988 & 1997. The date the picture was taken as well as the general location & river mile-marker are provide just like on last years calendar & none were in any of the four previous calendars that I published (my policy!).

You can e-mail me at jrweise-at-fuse.net or contact me by phone at (513) 385-2381. My mailing address is 5552 Dry Ridge Road, Cincinnati, OH 45252-1800.

2012 HSPS Steamboat Calendar

Looking for a unique and practical
holiday gift, or a great collectible?
Our 2012 Calendar is Still Available!

HSPS, Inc (a 501.c.3 non-profit) publishes a Steamboat calendar each year, with proceeds going toward maintenance of the 1923 sternwheel towboat BARBARA H. Our 2012 calendar features early photos of sternwheel towboats. The calendar contains 13 large photos printed on heavy card stock, suitable for framing.

Each month features a specific boat along with its history, and a complete calendar page, with holidays marked. The boats featured for 2012 include:


This is the Historic Sternwheeler Preservation Society's 11th annual fundraising calendar, with all proceeds going toward the maintenance of the sternwheel towboat BARBARA H.

Calendar Price: $15.95
Shipping: $4.50 for one (add $1 for each additional calendar).

Please mail check or money order to:
HSPS, Inc.
158 Ashland Cove Road
Vevay, IN 47043

Online credit card ordering is available from our web site's giftshop at: draftware.com/calendar

Below are images of the calendar's front and back covers:

On Dec 6, 2011, at 11:08 PM, David Thomson wrote:
Nori -
Look for a familiar face (second lady from the left between the lady standing behind the bucket and the lady with her right wrist over her forehead).
How did you get way back there in time aboard the rafter ECLIPSE?

On Dec 7, 2011, at 11:08 AM, Nori Muster wrote:
Who are those people? Which boat is that? What is its number in Way? There are probably multiple boats by that name. [Nori obviously fell for it, fooled into thinking her cosmic double was spotted on an old boat a hundred years ago.]

On Dec 7, 2011, at 12:12 PM, David Thomson wrote:
Nori -
I took the photo of you on a beach in New Zealand, turned it to grayscale and hunted up the best steamboat folks photo I could fine where you would fit in and that was the end result. You're a much cuter lady than the one I replaced you with. Had go inspired to put you back in ye olden days where you'd feel at home after you sent me your NZ photos. Since we have an arrangement with the Murphy to use their pictures you could put the one with you in it someplace.

On Dec 7, 2011, at 12:18 PM, Nori Muster wrote:
I was punked. [Photo of Nori on the beach in New Zealand.*]

On Dec 7, 2011, at 1:14 PM, David Thomson wrote:
Aw shucks, I thought you'd enjoy seeing yo'self 'way back when.

On Dec 7, 2011, at 3:40 PM, Nori Muster wrote:
I wish that I did live onboard a steamboat back then.

Information about the boat caught up in this hoax:

Title: Eclipse (Rafter/Packet, 1882-1917) http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/ BOAT DESCRIPTION: Sternwheel
BOAT TYPE: Rafter/Packet
BUILT: LeClaire, Iowa, 1882

FINAL DISPOSITION: December 8, 1917, Neville Island, Ohio River, burned and sank

OWNERS: 1882: Lindsay and Phelps Lumber Company 1886: Cable Lumber Company 1904: Captain John Lancaster, LeClaire 1913: Captain Ralph Emerson Gaches

OFFICERS & CREW: John McKenzie (master), Al Carpenter (pilot) 1888: E. Lancaster (master) 1896: Captain J. Lancaster, Captain B. Jenks 1911: Robert F. Isherwood (captain)

RIVERS: Mississippi River Ohio River Monongahela River

OTHER INFORMATION: Ways - 1695 Built in 1882, the Eclipse towed rafts until the mills shut down in 1904. Then Captain John Lancaster, LeClaire, who held interest in the boat and had commanded her as a rafter, bought Captain John Streckfus's warehouses at Davenport, Iowa and Clinton, Illinois and entered the Eclipse in the trade. This venture was not a success because a street car line had been opened. This was the last effort to run a packet between those cities. She later ran in the Dubuque, Iowa-Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin trade. In 1913 she was laid up and sank in Cat Tail Slough, south of Albany, Illinois. Captain Ralph Emerson Gaches then bought her to tow his showboat. He was making a trip with her from Pittsburgh to Sistersville, West Virginia with an Atlantic Refining Company gasoline barge the night of December 8, 1917. She struck the dike at the foot of Neville Island, Ohio River, burned and sank. During her days she towed showboats, Golden Rod, Cotton Blossom and Emerson's Floating Palace. She was enrolled at the Port of Burlington, April 29, 1884 Port of Dubuque, May 8, 1888 Rock Island, Illinois, 1894, 1900 and 1902

PHOTO DESCRIPTION: Passengers posing on deck in front of pilot house

LCSH Subjects: Packets--Mississippi River / Packets--Ohio River / Packets--Monongahela RiverSubjects: Sternwheel rafters / Sternwheel packets

Identifier: Neg. 5763Is Part Of: UW La Crosse Historic Steamboat Photographs

Rights: This image cannot be copied or reproduced without the permission of the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, Murphy Library, Special CollectionsSubmitter: University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, Special Collections

Local Identifier: LaCrosseSteamboat.steam05592.bib

Photo Courtesy of Murphy Library at the University of Wisconsin - La Crosse
Steamboat Collection Photographs

New Belle of Cincinnati Photos
November 8, 2011

Follow the Belle of Cincinnati east on the Ohio River. New photos by John Weise. (Click the link.)

The mermaids from the Mississippi Queen are in safe hands now, and will be making their way to a museum as soon as possible. Details to follow.

Blog posting
On Oct 9, 2011, at 4:56 PM, Matthew Cooper wrote:

Editor's note: Thank you and be sure to visit our page for the Mississippi Queen.

Latest News
Steamboat American Queen
September 20, 2011

"I am happy to report that last Friday, the Great American Steamboat Company received its approval to 'sell' from the Federal Maritime Commission and we open for reservations here on September 30, 2011," Christopher Kyte, president of Great American Steamboat Company said yesterday. To read the whole story, go to Maritime Matters - click here.

Riverboats to the Rescue
July 18, 2011

Following the closure of the Sherman Minton Bridge linking Indiana and Kentucky, the Spirit of Jefferson has started to ferry commuters between Jefferson and Louisville. The service started four days ago and each trip is $1. For more details, go to Louisville.com.

On Sep 18, 2011, at 8:57 AM, William C. Ives wrote:

I am seeking any picture of the Mississippi stern wheeler steamboat named New Boston after the northwest Illinois town of the same name located on the Mississippi River in Mercer County.

The few details about the boat are:

Possibly designed and built by Kahlke Bros, and John Theisen

Type: Stern wheel, wooden hull packet. Size 234 tons.

Launched 1864, Port Byron, IL. Destroyed 1873, off the lists.

Area: when new, B. H. Campbell, Galena and B.W. Davis, Rock Island 1864 at the close of the season, purchased by Northern Line. Served the Ft. Madison an- Rock Island trade

Captains: 1864, first master, Melville. At one time piloted by Oscar M. Ruby.

Its sister ship, so to speak, is the City of Keithsburg of which I do have a picture. I intend to frame the picture, assuming I am able to locate one, and present it to the Mercer County Museum.

I would be pleased to pay all appropriate expenses associated with the acquisition of any picture of the New Boston. Also any information regarding other possible sources of such a picture certainly would be appreciated.

Travel Plans for the Steamboat American Queen
September 14, 2011

Travel Agent magazine interviewed three top executives of the Great American Steamboat Company and published a nifty article yesterday on how the company will interface with travelers and the travel industry. You can link to it here. The boat is now to be called Steamboat American Queen, and is set to begin operations in April 2012. Based in Memphis, she will travel to New Orleans, St. Louis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh, Louisville, and Chattanooga. The executives calculate that sixty percent of Americans live within a one-day drive one of these cities. The rest live in Los Angeles.

On Sep 4, 2011, at 1:59 PM, M.B. wrote:

My grandfather John Patrick Burke, born 1858, Iowa USA, is said to have been a riverboat gambler between 1875-1890. Maybe Missouri or Mississippi. Met his wife in Lincoln, Nebraska, married Dora Ball, 1891, Indiana. He worked as a carpenter & on railroad. I have a picture, can anyone help me?
-M. Burke

Editor's note: A good place to start would be Ancestry.com. You can join for as long as you need to do your research, then put your account on hold. Best of luck.

American Queen Restoration Underway
September 3, 2011

The American Queen Steamboat is being restored to re-enter service on the Mississippi River system in early 2012. The Great American Steamboat Company has completed its acquisition of the vessel from the United States Maritime Administration for $15.5 million. The new homeport, the City of Memphis, is reported to have supplied $9 million toward the purchase. Until last week, the boat was held in the U.S. mothball fleet in Beaumont, Texas. Last Tuesday it made port at the Bollinger Shipyard Calcasieu facility in Louisiana, where the boat's decor and technical systems will be updated.

Sunken Boat Discovered Near Jefferson City
August 23, 2011

Dale Williams here. In 2010 I traveled the Missouri River from Sioux City, Ia, to the confluence of the Mississippi. Just above Jefferson City Mo, I discovered a large sunken vessel on my fishfinder. I have attached a pic for your inspection. In the pic, the vessel is best seen on the right side of the vertical line. The vertical line represents the surface of the water, while the brown, indicates the bottom of the river. Notice the uprights, and at the lower end of the hull, what appears to be a plank hanging loose. Also in that photo, on the top left is another structure, with what appears to be a segmented object . The dark area to the left of the structure is a shadow being cast, similar to the way sunlight would cast a shadow, indicating that whatever it is, is protruding from, or laying on the bottom. I marked the site on my gps and have the ability to return to the exact location.The second pic is the same as the first, but rotated to better view it. The vessel is in the bottom half of the picture and appears to be sitting upright. Any info on what vessel this may be would be of great interest to me and possibly others wanting to learn more.
Thanks for a very informative website, I'll be visiting often! - Dale Williams

Eleventh Annual Online Steamboat Race
August 18, 2011

Every year since 2001, the webmasters of Steamboats.com and Steamboats.org have raced steamboats on the Internet. Find out how that is possible and join in the fun. Click here to see the 2011 eleventh annual online steamboat race.

Sounds of the Delta Queen

Through our Google Alert set for "Delta Queen," we recently found a trove of audio recordings. Go to http://www.juzp.net/Hi7ai7_OHWodh to be transported to the deck of the Delta Queen as it travels up the river.

On Aug 17, 2011, at 11:45 AM, Diane J. wrote:

Hi Nori,
I have two Ralph Law watercolors. One if of the steamboat Sucker State. The second is of WWI fighter biplanes. The paintings were appraised by The Bonfoey Company . . I am asking $1400 each + shipping. I've attached pictures. Thanks.

Editor's Note: Thank you for contacting us Diane! email Diane - click here

Renowned artist, Ralph Law, created this watercolor in the late 1960's or early 70's. The steamship is the Sucker State which was a sidewheel packet wood hull built in 1860 at McKeesport, Pa. She was built for the Northern Line Packet Company where she operated the St. Louis to St. Paul trade. She was used during the Civil War as a transport ship, delivering troops from Dubuque, Davenport and Keokuk (all Iowa cities) to the Southern battlefields. She cost approx. $35,000.00 new. She was destroyed by fire in Alton Slough (St. Charles, MO) in the early 1870's. This a a beautiful piece!

On Aug 9, 2011, at 12:40 PM, W.P.K. wrote:

name: William P. Karr
location: Peoria, Illinois
message: I am looking for my wife's great grandfather, Joseph Heery, who was employed on a Mississippi Steamboat in the 1800's (no notion of the name of the boat) just prior to the Civil War. He joined the Union Army at DuQuoin, Illinois.
email: Yes, include my email (encoded in SpamStopper software) email
visits: First time
rate: Threads of our genealogy

Editor's note: If you have not already tried it, Ancestry.com would be a good place to begin. It is especially useful if you have birth and death dates. Ancestry charges a membership fee, but you can turn it on, do your research, and then suspend your account until you need it again. Saying Goodbye to the Mississippi Queen

On Jul 27, 2011, at 10:23 PM, John Weise wrote:

Rumor has it that all demolition has been stopped until the asbestos in the interior areas has been removed. Looks like she's putting up a fight!
Photos by P.T.

On Aug 6, 2011, at 3:33 PM, John Weise wrote:

Not my photo, it was sent to me.
- John

Very sad times for people who loved the Mississippi Queen, or worked on the boat. Click here for the Mississippi Queen page at Steamboats.com.

On Aug 8, 2011, at 12:51 AM, Timothy Reese wrote:

name: Timothy Reese
location: Ohio - Mississippi River
message: Looking for info on the SS Hannibal, a paddle steamer. Transported Union troops to Young's Point Louisiana in June 1863 and sank in Oct 1863 under Capt Terry Bell. looking for photo or illustration of the vessel.
url: http://www.suvpac.org
email: Yes, include my email (encoded in SpamStopper software) email - click here
visits: Been here a few times before
rate: Threads of our genealogy.

Editor's Note: The Fred Way Directory lists three boats by the name Hannibal. The first one was built in 1844 but off the lists by 1853, so that was before the Civil War. The second one could be the boat you are looking for, but the description is very short. It says the boat was built in 1856 and "Ran St. Louis-New Orleans, Capt. H.L. Lee, 1861. Sank and lost five miles above Donaldsonville, LA, Capt. Terry Bell, Oct. 1863, downbound from St. Louis." Although the boat was lost during the Civil War, it could have been used in the war. The third boat is called "Hannibal City," and was lost in 1864. This is all the information I can find at this time, anybody else know of this boat? Another thing you might try is old newspapers, historical socities, and Civil War museums, especially in Louisiana.

News from Jo Ann Schoen (posted at Facebook)
August 5, 2011

Hopefully there will be a public announcement soon. In the meantime I wanted to let you faithful followers know that the deal with the AQ is for real. We know they have a long road ahead.

Tell any and all the crew you might be in contact with to keep a watch on the Great American Steamboat Company website and to click "career inquiries" for a listing of openings.

She is to leave the reserve fleet and move to somewhere else close there in Beaumont for at least some of her refurbishing. I keep forgetting to tell them to get rid of the blue paint.

You can also sign up at their website to get any announcements. Hopefully her schedule will come out soon and we can start booking for next year.

She's not the DQ, but it's a start!

On Jul 25, 2011, at 7:01 PM, Kris Eads wrote:

name: Kris Eads
location: Kanawha river
message: I am looking for info on an old steam paddlewheel towboat called the delta from Pittsburgh. Any help would be appreciated, thanks.
email: Yes, include my email (encoded in SpamStopper software) keads55-at-yahoo.com
visits: Been here a few times before

Editor's note: The Fred Way Directory lists six boats by the name Delta. None of them mention Pittsburgh, but one was based in St. Louis and one in Cincinnati, so they may have traveled to Pittsburgh. Do you have any other details about the boat?

Giant Omelette Celebration and My Thoughts

The Giant Omelette Celebration in Abbeville has passed. The website can be linked here. It is a memorable event every year. I enjoyed it — despite the fact that I was not in a position to be enjoying much of anything just now — I decided to let myself go and rejoice in the event.

I saw a lot of people that I knew and spoke to some of them. Tomorrow The Hillary-Kane ticket and the Trump-Pence ticket will go at one another and other will be on the final ballots as well. The country will face many other electoral decisions. But yesterday and the day before was a celebration of other structures in America which are not directly tied to this election. The town,culture and celebration are not perfect. But they are worth experiencing and are worthy.

I participated as much as I could, more time than I could afford and although I spent very little I may not have been able to afford that either. But this was a glimpse of life that transcends and underlies all the political tensions in America.

So I hope to be in a position to comment on the outcome of the election. I hope to be able to have some success to be able in turn to solve my myriad problems. But I am also a person who enjoyed the Omelette Celebration, watched the Saints win in San Francisco and spent some time at church and with family. That’s life too…

Daniel Johnson

Daniel JOHNSON (1702 – 1755) was Alex’s 7th great grandfather, one of 256 in this generation of the Miner line.

Daniel Johnson was born 18 Jul 1702 in Norwich, CT. His parents were John JOHNSON Jr. and Susannah [__?__]. He married Jemima ORMSBY on 9 Nov 1726 in Norwalk, CT. Daniel died 27 Jun 1755 Bozrah, New London, CT and is buried in the Johnson Cemetery, Bozrah.

Jemima Ormsby was born 5 Mar 1701 in Rehoboth, Mass. Her parents were John ORMSBY and Susannah [__?__]. Jemima died 24 Apr 1764 Bozrah, New London, CT and is buried in the Johnson Cemetery, Bozrah

Children of Daniel and Jemima:

    [NVR 123] DJ and JO maried by Henry Willes. Children: Zerviah, 26 July 1728 Jemima, 28 October 1730 (married Benjamin Spicer, 29 March 1753) Rhoade, 13 October 1733 Daniel, 7 February 1735/6 (married Elizabeth Wentworth, 18 February 1761) and Asa, 13 July 1741.

1. Zerviah JOHNSON (See John POLLEY‘s page)

2. Jemima Johnson

Jemima’s husband Benjamin Spicer was born 8 Jul 1730 in Norwich, New London, CT. He was Jemima’s first cousin. His parents were Samuel Spicer (1691 – 1748) and Susannah Ormsby (1696 – 1752). Benjamin’s grandparents were our ancestors John ORMSBY Jr. and Susannah [__?__]. Benjamin died before 1779 or 25 Aug 1790 in Connecticut.

She may have married second, William Fox, Sept. 8, 1779, but Benjamin may have been still alive.

Aug 8 1751 – Benjamin Spicer bought of Alpheus Wickwere, for one hundred and five pounds in bills of credit, one and one half acres of land lying southward of the town plat, also Mason’s pond in Norwich, ” beginning at a mear stone one rod from William Bushnell’s corner abutting Easterly on the Highway 14 rods to a heap of stones on a rock thence abutting Easterly on the Highway 12 rods to a mear stone a Bound of land and sometime Thomas Carew’s land thence abutting on s’d Carew’s land 14 rods to a mear stone by a rock near the Brook Northerly on land of Samuel Post formerly 16 rods to a heap of stones on a rock thence abutting N’westerly on land laid out to s’d Bushnell 7 rods to a heap of stones by a black oak thence of same corse 1 rod to the first corner” witnesses, Isaac and Rebecca Huntington. He sold this property May 8, 1753, for one hundred pounds to John Hughes witnesses, Richard Hide and Isaac Huntington.

Oct 11, 1751 – He sold all the four acres and ten rods of land in Norwich lying westward of Wawecus Hill, “near ye dark Swamp, . . . beginning at the Northwest corner of sister Anne’s part of Honored Father’s Estate abutting Easterly on Zachariah Huntington’s land,” with all the rights he had in the eight acres to west of above land which was set out to his mother as her right of dower witnesses, Isaac and Rebecca Huntington.

Apr 9 1752 – He bought of Richard Chelton, for four hundred and fifty pounds in bills of “Publick Credit” 31 rods of land with a shop standing on it “near my dwelling house in said Norwich, …” beginning at the town street at the Southeasterly corner of Ebenezer Huntington’s land thence abutting Westerly on s’d Huntington’s land 12 rods thence abutting Southerly on land of James Brown 2 rods and 10 ft. thence Easterly on my own land 12 rods thence abutting Northerly on the town street two rods and ten feet to the first corner” witnesses, William Lothrop and Isaac Huntington.

May 12 1755 – He sold to Benjamin Gager for eight hundred pounds 27 rods of land with dwelling house in Norwich, near the dwelling house of Alpheus Wickwere ” Bounding Northwest on Nathan Stedman West on town street” witnesses, Isaac andBenjamin Huntington. He was living in Norwich in 1768.

August 1757 – Benjamin Spicer was in Capt. John Perkins’ Company in service for the time of alarm for relief of fort William Henry and parts adjacent

Children of Jemima and Benjamin:

i. Ishmael Spicer b. 27 Mar 1760 Norwich, New London, CT d. 22 Dec 1832 – Bozrah, New London, CT Burial: Johnson Cemetery Bozrah m. 29 Nov 1792 at Norwich ,New London, Connecticut to Martha Abel (b. 24 Jan 1769 Bozrah, CT – d. 20 Apr 1829 Bozrah) Martha’s parents were Simeon Abel and Martha Crocker. Ishmael and Marth had six children born between 1793 and 1802.

Isahmael was a teacher of vocal music for a period of forty-two years. He kept a small memorandum book (dated Bozrah, March 1, 1824). In it is written, “I have taught since Jan. 6, 1793, 106 singing schools in the U. S. and the whole number of scholars 4880 and the money I have received for tuition in forty two years $3934.26.” He was of Hebron, Connecticut, in 1792 Salem, 1803 Lebanon, 1808 and moved to Bozrah April 7, 1810. Ishmael and Martha had five children born between 1793 and 1801.

Although his nominal residence was in those places he seems to have been much in New York State. In 1803 he was teaching in Balston Springs, New York 1804 in Athens 1805, in Castleton, Shodack, and Nassau in 1806 in Hudson and Claversack 1807 in Kingston (Esophus), Hurley, Marbleton, and Rochester 1808 in Hudson and Haversack in 1809 in Schodack and Nassau 1810 and 1811, in Catskill, Madison, Jefferson, and Athens 1811 Spencerton, Green River 1812 in Athens and Jefferson in 1814 in Claversack and Kinderhook in 1817-19 in Athens and Coxsackie in 1820 in Red Hook 1821, in Red Hook and Rhinebeck 1823 in Athens, New York, and also in Bozrah and Salem, Connecticut.

He wrote in his little book “In Bozrah, 1811 a cucumber was raised in Ishmail Spicer’s garden that measured 15 & f inches in length 1 1 & f inches round & it weighed 3 lbs and 3 oz” also “my horse was stolen from my pasture June 1, 1817. I found him again Oct 1, 1818 at Mr. Elisha Storey’s in Preston, sold to him by John Park Avery of Groton and on the 3rd of Oct. I took Messrs. Otis Freeman, Daniel G. Edgerton and Simeon A. Spicer and proved the horse to be mine and I sold the horse to Mr. B. Williams of Franklin, Oct 17, 1818.” In 1797 (age 37) he had a fall, in Chatham, which caused infirmities of body and a life of painful suffering.

ii. Elderkin Spicer b. 16 Sep 1765 Norwich, CT d. Aft. 1800 census Hebron, Tolland, C m. 30 Sep 1789 to Eunice Lathrop (b. 4 June 1763 in Lebanon, New London, CT – d. Jul 1851 in Groton, New London, CT). Eunice’s parents were cousins Samuel Lathrop (1743 – 1801) and Lois Lathrop (1742 – 1813.) Elderkin and Eunice had three children born between 1790 and 1794.

3. Rhoda Johnson

Rhoda’s husband James Crocker was born 20 Apr 1732 in Colchester, CT. His parents were James Crocker (1699 – 1785) and Alice Swift (1698 – 1783). James died 17 May 1797 in Mansfield, Tolland, CT.

James Crocker Gravestone — Olde Mansfield Center Cemetery

In memory of Mr. James Crocker who departed this life May 17, 1797 Aged 65 years. He was possessed of a strong mind and [supported] the man trials to which he was called with unusual magnanimity and cheerfulness. He was a professor of Religion [_______] bore his beliefs with patience and was undaunted at the approach of death behaving as he did that he had long [_________________] that better put which would not be taken from him.”

Note: (the rest is difficult to make out)

Even though his son graduated from Yale, my take is “professor of Religion” is one who professes rather than one with a degree.

” In Memory of RHODA CROCKER who died June 6th 1802 in the 69th year of her age. She was the relict of Mr. JAMES CROCKER who died at Mansfield May 17th 1797 AE 65. She was a professor of Religion, and in her last sickness manifested great joy and peace in believing.” Grove Street Cemetery New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut

Children of Rhoda and James

i. James Crocker b. 11 Nov 1757 Colchester, New London, CT 20 Mar 1825 Thetford, Vermont m. 4 Apr 1782 in Lebanon, New London, CT to Mary Buckingham (b. 1766 in Lebanon – d. 5 Jun 1852 Stowe, Lamoille, Vermont) Mary’s parents were Jebediah Buckingham (1727 – 1809) and Martha Clark (1732 – 1821) James and Mary had six children born between 1784 and 1801.

ii. Rev. Daniel Crocker b. 30 Jan 1760 Colchester, New London, CT d. 31 Mar 1831 in New Fairfield, Fairfield, CT m. Ann Austin (b. 3 Feb 1764 in Stratford, Fairfield, CT – d. Oct in Upper Alton, Madison, Illinois). Ann’s parents were John Austin and Ann Mix from Hartford.

Daniel graduated from Yale College in 1782. He united with the College Church on profession of his faith while studying theology at Yale, in Sep 1783.

He was licensed to preach by the New Haven West Association of Ministers on September 30, 1788.

For some years Daniel resided in New Haven, where he and his wife were admitted to membership in the North Church in 1801. Later he affiliated with the Presbyterians and in 1807 became the first principal of the Academy in Bedford, New York. From this post he was called, in Aug 1809, to be colleague pastor of the Congregational Church in Redding, Connecticut.

He accepted the call, and was ordained there on Oct 4. The senior pastor, the Rev. Nathaniel Bartlett (Yale 1749), died about three months later and Mr. Crocker continued in useful service there until he took a dismission on Oct 24, 1824.

In Oct 1827, he was again settled, over the small church in New Fairfield, a few miles to the north of his former parish.

He struggled with infirmity and extreme poverty in this charge until his death, which occurred in New Fairfield late in Mar 1831, at the age of 71 years. A daughter married the Rev. Charles G. Selleck (Yale 1827).

iii. Rhoda Crocker b. 1762 in Colchester, New London, CT d. 26 Apr 1813 in Somerville, Butler, Ohio

It may be that the Rhoda Crocker who died in 1813 Somerville, Ohio was born in 1757 Carver Plymouth Mass, the daughter of Daniel Crocker and Susanna Dunham, and married Daniel Perry

iv. Anna Crocker b. 1764 in Colchester, New London, CT d. 6 Jan 1860 in Coventry, Tolland, CT m. 1794 Coventry to Jesse Boynton (b. 28 Jul 1767 in Coventry – d. 1 Jun 1858 in Coventry) Jesse’s parents were Samuel Boynton and Apphia Duty. Anna and Jesse had six children between 1795 and 1804.

Some say Jesse’s wife was Anna Fuller (1770-1860), daughter of Josiah Fuller (1728 – 1797) and Margaret Rose (1734 – 1822)

v. Jonathan Crocker b. 1767 in Colchester, New London, CT A Jonathan Crocker born in the same year, died 3 Jun 1817 – New Haven, CT.

vi. Jonathan Crocker 1775 –

4. Daniel Johnson

Daniel’s wife Elisabeth Wentworth was born 29 May 1732. Her parents were Benjamin Wentworth (1698 – 1764) and Mehitable Carrier (1702 – 1750)

Children of Daniel and Elizabeth

i. Daniel Johnson (1762 –

ii. Chandler Johnson (26 Sep 1763 Norwich, CT – 1808) m. Elizabeth Lewis (b. 1770) Elizabeth’s father was Josiah Lewis, active 1755 in New Cambridge


It’s possible that Chandler was born in Bristol, CT the son of Chandler Johnson (1740 – 1818) and Jane Robbins or Daniel Johnson and Bathsheba Pond

Watch the video: American History - Part 034 - Jefferson - Louisiana Purchase- Marbury decision - Hamilton killed


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