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There is a common misconception is that if there is a long period of unlucky outcomes, it's more likely that there will be a lucky one. But of course the probability of each one is identical, and such a long period of same colors is a nice argument against it.
This casino site says:
Think your number or color has to hit soon? The longest recorded streak of one color in roulette in American casino history happened in 1943 when the color red won 32 consecutive times. In a row. The people convinced black had to hit next were absolutely right. Eventually.
Interestingly, I wrote a quick simulation of this, and can get to 29 in a row rather quickly, but to get to 32 it took several minutes:
68717891 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 0 min, 2 sec , Current longest run=25 68717892 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 0 min, 2 sec , Current longest run=26 102946854 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 0 min, 3 sec , Current longest run=27 102946855 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 0 min, 3 sec , Current longest run=28 4078170601 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 2 min, 1 sec , Current longest run=29 4078170602 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 2 min, 1 sec , Current longest run=30 4078170603 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 2 min, 1 sec , Current longest run=31 7945382548 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 3 min, 56 sec , Current longest run=32 7945382549 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 3 min, 56 sec , Current longest run=33 15853962961 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 7 min, 52 sec , Current longest run=34 15853962962 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 7 min, 52 sec , Current longest run=35 15853962963 Flips, in Elapsed Time: 7 min, 52 sec , Current longest run=36
Select a certification provider
At first glance you may see that there are a LOT of vendors on this page. You may even be wondering what the term vendor actually refers to! Vendors, or certification providers, are the first point of contact in getting certified. Vendor is simply an industry term used in the certification world to refer to the organizations that offer certifications.
Vendors can be huge entities that do much more than certification, such as Microsoft or Cisco. Vendors can also be small independent certifiers that offer only a hand full of certs such as ISACA. Starting on your pathway to becoming a certified member of the IT world or another field always starts with picking out a suitable vendor. There are so many though that it can be intimidating for newcomers.
What's the longest recorded uninterrupted sequence of single color (red/black) in a professional casino? - History
UFOs Northwest is your UFO Reporting Center and contains the Latest UFO Sightings, UFO news, videos, photos, sketches and recorded witness interviews.
Note: UFOs Northwest Needs New UFO Reports. Please Report Per Instructions Below:
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– Photos Taken of Large Circular Light. –
– NNatchitoches, Louisiana –
– May 13, 2021 –
– FBI Investigation – American Airlines UFO Encounter. –
– Northeast, New Mexico –
– February 21, 2021 –
– Strange Clouds Seen & Photographed. –
– Taylor Lake, British Columbia, Canada –
– February 28, 2021 –
– Oval Shaped Object With Solid Lights Moves Erratically. –
– Orlando, Florida –
– June 12, 2021 –
STILL IMAGE OF OVAL SHAPED OBJECT EXTRACTED FROM VIDEO. (IMAGE HAS BEEN ENLARGED & CONTRAST HAS BEEN ENHANCED.)
– Line of Lights Move Southeast. –
– Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada –
– May 15, 2021 –
– Bar of Light Moves East at a Steady Pace. –
– St Helens, Oregon –
– May 15, 2021 –
– Strange Shaped Black Object in San Juan Mtns Photo. –
– Lizard Head Pass (on Highway 145 – SW Colorado) –
– July 15, 2019 –
– 3 Red Lights Move Oddly in the Sky in Sequence. –
– Huntingburg, Indiana –
– June 4, 2021 –
– Fast Moving Round White Object. –
– Frankfurt, Germany –
– May 30, 2021 –
– 3 Dark Objects Stationary Over Mt. Rainier, WA. –
– Auburn, Washington –
– May 26, 2021 –
– Boomerang Shaped Object Seen & Videotaped. –
– Fairfield, Connecticut –
– April 20, 2021 –
– Craft With 6-7 Lights Takes Off. Leaves Ground Trace. –
– White Hall, Illinois –
– May 27, 2021 –
– Diver Video: U.S.O. or Underwater Critter? –
– 20 Miles Offshore of Placenia, Belize –
– April 29, 2021 –
– Large Black Triangular Object Emerges From Cloud Cluster. –
– Vancouver, Washington –
– May 25, 2021 –
– Strange Looking Light Mass Photographed. –
– New Windsor, New York –
– May 23, 2021 –
– Super Bright Orb Zooms Across Sky. –
– Gold Creek, Montana –
– May 14, 2021 –
– Triangular Objects Seen High in The Sky. –
– Chonburi, Thailand –
– January 15, 2021 –
Black Triangle – White Lights on Corners -, Middle Red Light.
– Blue Springs, Missouri –
– May 15, 2021 –
– Translucent Disk Shaped Object Found in Photo of Trees. –
– Olympia, Washington –
– April 14, 2021 –
Description of UFOS Northwest: Based in the Pacific Northwest in Helena, Montana we’re the national UFO reporting center that not only seeks to find the truth about the UFO phenomenon, but share our results and our investigations with the public. For far too long, our citizens have literally been kept in the dark by those government and research agencies that have been assigned the task of gathering information about these unexplained events. While most alien sightings can be explained by natural occurrences, some UFO reports are in fact credible, suggesting the presence of other forces, beings or scientific phenomenon heretofore undefined by current technology and conventional understanding. Join us as we seek to apply rigorous standards of scientific research and analyses to pursue these latest ufo sightings, and the possible meaning behind them.
53 Responses to UFO Reporting Center, Latest UFO Sightings & News.
About the reported UFO landing near Dillon, Montana, August 14, 1870: One thing I should make clear about the reported UFO boarding of a hovering UFO near Townsend, Montana in early May of 1940 was that the 37-year-old miner Udo Wartena said he boarded a hoving UFO and talked for 2 hours with 2 humanoids. (This site was about 375 miles north of the 1870 Dillon, Montana reported UFO landing). Udo Wartena was a Mormon missionary. Mormon history accounts describe how 3-year serving Mormon missionaries believe in other worlds out in space that have inhabited beings and that a celestial New Jerusalem space city some 1,500 miles long and wide will come down from God out of heaven to Earth with celestial beings inside. Mormons also believe in a created Earth that obeys the laws of a celestial kingdom and fills up the measures of its creation by the Creator. If the Warren Aston account of Mormon missionary Udo Wartena boarding a hovering UFO near Townsend, Montana, early May of 1940, is true as Udo said and left typed and written accounts saying that his account was true, then on this basis one would tend to believe that Udo’s account was true as he said and wrote was true. Udo’s 1940 Montana contactee case does seem to lend weight to the 1870 Montana case some 375 miles south of Udo’s contact near Townsend or the site near Dillon, Montana.
Whatever really inspired you to write “UFOs Northwest | Your Source for UFO Sightings & InvestigationUFOs Northwest | Your Source for UFO Sightings
& Investigation”? I really honestly adored the blog post!
You say UFOs Northwest looks into UFO pictures or anything sent in that is not of the every day in the sky craft? I say what about 10-5-2011 a real something and what do I get from UFOS NW (nothing). What did I get from MUFON (nothing). It was something real and you drop the ball.
I checked my email logs and I responded to your report. I also posted a report on my site. You can read at:
I found your photos and report intriguing.
While trying to do a bit of my own investigating I happened upon your site today! I had read through a bit of the older site first, then came to this one. I am really impressed and I like all the different perspective being put out here.
I know you have hundreds of e-mails a day, however, I was wondering if you posted every experience e-mailed to your site, or if you were also okay with just discussing some experiences with people?
Thanks for the compliments. I don’t have time to post all reports. I don’t take many phone reports because they are more work to post.
Thank you for the quick response!
I don’t really care for you to post my experience unless you felt it was something you wished to do. A few years back I had this particular experience that I have never been able to explain, and I have done a lot of searching. I thought maybe e-mailing you guys might help me get a different perspective. I didn’t want to bombard you with anymore e-mail, so I had to ask first.
We appreciate your understanding. We tend to focus on recent reports as they are easier to investigate. We are only able to post around 60% of those cases.
Of course, that makes perfect sense. I don’t really care for my experience to be posted, I just want to see if you guys might have heard of what I experienced. I will most likely e-mail you soon then. Thank you for your quick and direct responses!
Outsourcing the Digitization
Prior to investing time and resources into an in-house digitization project, it is worthy to investigate outsourcing in order to see if it is a viable option. At the very least, consideration should be given to using a professional service that will use high-end equipment and software for high quality and/or highly valuable recordings. This is likely not required for all the records in a collection and therefore a mix of strategies can be an effective method for successfully completing the digitization of the VHS videotape collection.
In addition, there are other cases where it may not be reasonable or cost‑effective to perform the digitization of VHS videotapes in-house as explained below:
- Problem cassettes (those where the cassette and/or tape inside it are not in good condition) could suffer further damage if they are played before the problems are remedied. In such cases, professional help or at least a consultation with a professional should be pursued before digitization is attempted.
- Small collections may not be able to justify the expense to purchase or lease the equipment to set up a transfer facility and learn how to operate it effectively. In many instances, it may be more cost-effective to outsource the work, especially if no playback or other equipment is readily available. For small collections that have most of the necessary machines, and for mid‑sized to large collections, money can be saved by doing the work in-house, but this is only true if at least a portion of the work is done by volunteers or by employees who have spare time outside of their other assignments. If the transfer operator is a full‑time salaried employee, at the end of the day, this work might end up costing more than if it were outsourced.
What to look for when outsourcing
When outsourcing, there are certain questions that need to be asked and details that need to be sorted out in order to ensure that the digitization goals of the organization are met. These include the following:
- ask for references from the outsourcing companies and ask other institutions for recommendations and their past experiences with vendors they have used
- look at the credentials and credits of the organizations under consideration qualifications of staff and experience how long they have been doing transfers what analog formats they specialize in (VHS only or other video formats as well)—organizations that only digitize VHS tapes may not produce the quality that is required
- talk with the people involved with doing the work and do not hesitate to ask about specific challenges if you think your tapes are suffering from deterioration or damage
- discuss the shipping procedures, for example, how will the tapes be packed and what temperature and humidity environment will they be exposed to, and costs involved in shipping the originals or masters to and from the outsourcing organization the shipping costs alone may make outsourcing prohibitive for smaller organizations
- verify whether the outsourcing company has insurance to cover loss of the materials during shipping or when the tape is being used
- determine how the originals will be stored and handled while with the outsourcing organization
- determine what equipment will be used to perform the digitization
- will a TBC be used and will there be any other corrections made to the analog video, such as noise reduction, etc., prior to digitizing?
- is the playback machine regularly cleaned, aligned and maintained?
It is prudent to do some trials with the outsource organization to test for quality and for satisfaction with the end product before committing to a larger scale project.
More guidance on how to develop a request for proposal for outsourcing the digitizing of video can be found in the Guide to Developing a Request for Proposal for the Digitization of Video (and More) [PDF version] by Chris Lacinak, which is available for free.
The Trulicity team can offer you personalized assistance in your treatment journey. That means support and resources for what you need to know—when you need to know it.
PURPOSE AND SAFETY SUMMARY WITH WARNINGS
Important Facts About Trulicity ® (Trῡ-li-si-tee). It is also known as dulaglutide.
Trulicity is a prescription medicine for adults with type 2 diabetes used to improve blood sugar (glucose) and used to reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events ( problems having to do with the heart and blood vessels) such as death, heart attack, or stroke in people who have heart disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors.
- Trulicity is given through an injection (needle). You take it once a week by injecting it under the skin of your stomach, thigh, or upper arm. Use Trulicity together with the diet and exercise that your doctor recommends.
Trulicity may cause tumors in the thyroid, including thyroid cancer. Watch for possible symptoms, such as a lump or swelling in the neck, trouble swallowing, hoarseness, or shortness of breath. If you have a symptom, tell your doctor.
- Do not use Trulicity if you or any of your family have ever had a type of thyroid cancer called medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC).
- Do not use Trulicity if you have Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type 2 (MEN 2).
- Do not use Trulicity if you are allergic to dulaglutide or other ingredients in Trulicity.
Ask your doctor how to recognize the serious side effects below and what to do if you think you have one:
Inflamed pancreas (pancreatitis). Stop using Trulicity and call your healthcare provider right away if you have severe pain in your stomach area (abdomen), with or without vomiting, that will not go away. You may feel the pain from your abdomen to your back.
Changes in vision. Tell your healthcare provider if you have changes in your eyesight (vision) during treatment with Trulicity.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar may include dizziness or light-headedness, confusion or drowsiness, headache, blurred vision, slurred speech, fast heartbeat, sweating, hunger, shakiness, feeling jittery, weakness, anxiety, irritability, or mood changes.
Serious allergic reactions. Stop using Trulicity and get medical help right away if you have any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction which may include: swelling of your face, lips, tongue or throat, problems breathing or swallowing, severe rash or itching, fainting or feeling dizzy, or very rapid heartbeat.
Acute kidney injury. In people who have kidney problems, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting may cause a loss of fluids (dehydration). This may cause kidney problems to get worse.
Severe stomach problems. Trulicity may cause stomach problems, which could be severe.
The most common side effects of Trulicity include nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain and decreased appetite, indigestion, and fatigue.
These are not all the possible side effects of Trulicity.
Tell your doctor if you have any side effects. You can report side effects at 1-800- FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
- Your healthcare provider should show you how to use Trulicity before you use it for the first time.
- Before you use Trulicity, talk to your doctor about low blood sugar and how to manage it.
Review these questions with your doctor:
- Do you have other medical conditions, including problems with your pancreas, kidneys, liver, or stomach, or have a history of diabetic retinopathy (vision problems related to diabetes)?
- Do you take other diabetes medicines, such as insulin or sulfonylureas?
- Do you take any other prescription medicines or over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, or herbs?
Review the list below with your doctor. Trulicity may not be right for you if:
- You are pregnant or plan to become pregnant or breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.
- You have type 1 diabetes.
- You have or have had an inflamed pancreas (pancreatitis).
- You have severe intestinal or stomach problems, such as slowed emptying or problems with digesting food.
- You are a child under 18 years old.
- Read the Instructions for Use that come with Trulicity.
- Use Trulicity exactly as your doctor says.
- Do not share your Trulicity pen, syringe, or needles with another person.
- Do not give Trulicity to other people.
- If you take too much Trulicity, call your healthcare provider or seek medical advice promptly.
For more information, call 1-844-TRU-INFO (1-844-878-4636).
This summary provides basic information about Trulicity but does not include all information known about this medicine. Read the information that comes with your prescription each time your prescription is filled. This information does not take the place of talking with your doctor. Be sure to talk to your doctor or other healthcare provider about Trulicity and how to take it. Your doctor is the best person to help you decide if Trulicity is right for you.
Trulicity ® and its delivery device base are registered trademarks owned or licensed by Eli Lilly and Company, its subsidiaries, or affiliates.
Analog Video Reception
The Descrambled Waveform
Figure 21.7 illustrates the signal as it would appear in a TV that has received the signal after descrambling. The horizontal (and usually vertical) blanking intervals have been suppressed in the scrambler and expanded in the descrambler. The order of events is very important. If the descrambler ever expanded (by switching out attenuation) a signal that had not been suppressed, the result would be a sliver of signal more negative than sync. This could cause unacceptable operation of the TV receiver.
Figure 21.7 . Descrambled signal at authorized TV receiver.
Because some time must be allowed between suppression and expansion, a small sliver of time remains in the descrambled signal, during which the waveform was suppressed but not expanded. This artifact of the scrambling and descrambling process is characteristic of sync suppression systems, unless removed by another signal-processing step. The artifact is sometimes called a “rabbit ear.”
The rabbit ears of Figure 21.7 can have deleterious effects on the signal. One early closed caption decoder required all the run-in pulses transmitted at the beginning of the closed caption line (line 21). In a particular cable system, the scrambler was not set properly, resulting in the rabbit ear at the beginning of line 21 impinging on the first closed caption run-in pulse. The problem was fixed by moving the timing in the scrambler so that the run-in pulse was spared. (Run-in pulses appear at the beginning of the line of closed caption data and are used to synchronize the decoder.)
The rabbit ears are normally in what is known as the overscan region of the TV picture. That is, the electron beam in the TV scans off the edge of the picture tube screen and does not show the rabbit ear. Occasionally, a TV is encountered that does not exhibit normal overscan: the picture does not cover the entire screen plus a little spilling off the edge. In this case, a white bar may be visible on one side of the screen.
Sometimes electrons emitted during the rabbit ear reflect from the side of the picture tube and strike the phosphors on the screen. The electron beam is badly defocused but can result in a slight lightening of the picture on the edges. Usually, the effect is not noticeable because it is always present. However, in scrambling systems that change scrambling modes such that the rabbit ear changes, the effect can be noticeable at a scrambling mode change. For this and other reasons, scrambling modes are normally changed at scene changes.
Yet another issue relating to the rabbit ear is the minority of television sets that perform dc restoration (clamping) on the back porch rather than on the sync tip. If the set tries to clamp when the rabbit ear occurs, the clamp level will be in error, leaving the picture darker than it should be. A back porch clamp can be identified by changing the timing of the back porch rabbit ear and noting if the picture brightness changes. Such a test is best done using video from a test generator.
The suppression interval is determined solely at the scrambler, which will usually contain some sort of adjustment to set the suppression start and finish times. The expansion interval begins at a time related to the time of a pulse on the sound carrier (or some other time marker depending on how the system works). The end of the expansion interval is then timed from the beginning of expansion. Because of the criticality of the sound carrier pulse timing, it must be set at the scrambler/modulator. Reference to Figure 21.5 will show that the sync-suppressed picture carrier is routed through the vestigial sideband filter FL2. The sound carrier, with the synchronizing pulses, is frequently not routed through FL2 (though some manufacturers may do so).
Modern vestigial sideband (VSB) filters are realized using surface acoustic wave (SAW) technology. A characteristic of this technology is unavoidable delay to the signal traversing the filter. The amount of delay is related to the steepness of the filter transition region. To an extent, it is also related to the present state of the art, but in every practical case, there will be a rather large delay to the signal in the SAW filter. This delay is long, compared with the 100 ns or so timing accuracy desired, making imperative the careful setting of the relative timing of the scrambling and sound carrier pulses. This timing is done in the scrambler, which must be mated with the modulator with which it will be used. If the SAW filter or the scrambler is changed, timing must be reset because a different SAW filter in FL2 may have a different delay.
The scrambler manufacturer will provide a procedure to adjust the scrambler. Usually, the most accurate method involves detecting the video signal and the aural carrier pulses, possibly using a spectrum analyzer, whose output is applied to an oscilloscope. The time between the leading edge of sync and the 50% point of the pulse on the sound carrier is measured and set to a specification supplied by the manufacturer. This technique, though very accurate, is tedious and therefore prone to error. Often a substitute method, using a certified descrambler, is used. This certified descrambler is subject to drift in descrambler timing but is adequate if sufficient care is exercised.
What's the longest recorded uninterrupted sequence of single color (red/black) in a professional casino? - History
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Quick Answers about 5S
What is the purpose of 5S?
The purpose of 5S is to make a workplace function better by making it an easier place to work. This occurs by making spaces make sense tools and materials are placed in logical locations based on who needs them, how frequently they're needed, etc. Spaces are cleaned regularly. Cleaning and organization become habits. When used correctly, 5S ultimately makes processes safer and more efficient.
What does 5S stand for?
5S stands for the 5 steps of this methodology: Sort, Set in Order, Shine, Standardize, Sustain. These steps involve going through everything in a space, deciding what's necessary and what isn't, putting things in order, cleaning, and setting up procedures for performing these tasks on a regular basis. When there's a plan for making 5S an ongoing effort and not just a one-time event, it can be sustained over time.
What is the 6th S?
The 6th S stands for Safety. Some businesses choose to add this step at the end of 5S to ensure safety is a key component of work practices. Other businesses believe safety should be a part of all the steps of 5S and therefore doesn't need to be its own step. Either way, safety does play a role in 5S. Arranging spaces in logical ways, organizing tools and materials, and cleaning regularly make it easier for people to do their jobs without tripping, slipping, experiencing an ergonomic injury, etc.
How does 5S relate to kaizen?
Kaizen is a Lean manufacturing concept that refers to the ongoing process of "continuous improvement." Kaizen seeks to find small ways to improve processes over time. For kaizen to work well, everyone in a workplace participates by looking for ways their tasks could be improved.
The goal of 5S is also to improve processes. It does so by increasing organization and efficiency. This means 5S sets a workplace up well to use kaizen. Once an organizational system exists, people can more easily look for improvement opportunities.
Consecutive Up Days on the Stock Market and the Gambler’s Fallacy
Years ago I was watching the action around an Atlantic City roulette table when I noticed a man taking careful notes. When I asked what he was doing he said he was looking for long consecutive strings of red or black. If the run got long enough he was going to bet that the ball on the next spin would land on the opposite color because it was “due.”
When I asked him how the ball knew what colors it had previously landed on he frowned and shifted a few steps away.
The Gambler’s Fallacy is an intuitive belief that long streaks, even with fair coins or dice, influence the odds of the next result.
On a day to day basis, the stock market is a lot like the game of roulette, with the probability of an up or down day being very close to 50%. However unlike the roulette ball, the people (and computers) trading on the stock market can remember what has happened previously—so after a long stretch of up days, you would expect a higher probability of a down day. Or so I thought.
For a long time I’ve believed that the market tends to move in 3-day cycles, but inspired by reading Moneyball I decided to see if the data supported my intuition. I took the S&P 500 index data from 1993 to 2013 and analyzed market moves after 3, 4, 5, and 6 up days in a row. Rather than just plotting binary up or down results I plotted the frequency of the percentage results using 0.1% bins.
The red line shows the outline of what a perfect normal distribution would look like. The actual data is more clustered around zero, under-represented on the sides of the distribution, with some rather extreme events in the tails of the distribution.
Instead of supporting my intuition the data shows that the stock market is very much like roulette, with no directional bias after three consecutive up days. The average return (mean) is -0.016%— indicating very close to even odds.
I repeated the analysis for bull runs of 4, 5, and 6 consecutive days.
These sequences also show average returns close to zero. With even odds, the number of consecutive days with gains should decrease by 50% for each additional day—for example, 6-day bull runs should happen half as often as 5 day runs. And that is how the market behaves. The chart below summarizes the statistical results.
If you exclude the “7 sigma” event in 2008 there is a trend towards less actual volatility the next day with longer bull streaks. It might be the case that the people involved with the market become increasingly aware of the bull run and start behaving cautiously. This trend would be no help for directional plays, and it’s hard for me to imagine a volatility play that could take advantage of a one-day lull.
Clearly, my notion that the market moves in 3-day cycles was bogus, and the data suggests that any sort of directional analysis based on market history is just another example of the Gambler’s Fallacy.
Star Wars quiz questions and answers
- What day of the year is known by fans as Star Wars Day?
- Who does John Boyega play in the most recent Star Wars films?
- The showrunners of which mega TV series reportedly walked away from a planned Star Wars trilogy?
- What is the name of the top secret order given by Palpatine in Revenge of the Sith, calling for all Jedi leaders to be killed?
- What type of creature does Luke Skywalker fight underneath Jabba the Hutt’s throne in Return of the Jedi?
Check out our full Star Wars pub quiz
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